中咨视界

谢元博 朱黎阳 罗恩华 | 浅析“两型基地”助力“无废城市”建设
发布日期:2020-09-25 作者:谢元博 朱黎阳 罗恩华 信息来源:中咨研究 访问次数: 字号:[ ]

摘要

“WUFEICHENGSHI”YU“LIANGXINGJIDI”JUNWEIGUOJIAPIFUDEGUFEIZONGHEGUANLILINGYUDEXIANGGUANSHIDIAN,TONGGUO“LIANGXINGJIDI”DEJIANSHE,JIANGZAI“WUFEICHENGSHI”DEJIANSHEZHONGXINGCHENGJUJIAOMOSHI,TUIDONGCHENGSHIZONGTIGUIHUA、GUFEICHANYEXIANGMUXUANZHILUODI、GUFEIHUISHOUTIXIRONGHEDAJIAN、GUFEIZONGHELIYONGYUANQUANCHUZHIDENG,XINGCHENGZISHANGERXIADEZONGTIBUJUHEJIANSHEMOSHI,YOUZHUYUPOJIECHENGSHI“LAJIWEICHENG”,TUIDONGGUFEIZONGHELIYONG,CUJINHUANBAOCHANYEFAZHAN,CONGERZHULICHENGGONGJIANSHE“WUFEICHENGSHI”,TISHENGCHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLISHUIPINGYUSHENGHUOPINZHI,XINGCHENGLVSEFAZHANMOSHI。

关键词:无废城市;两型基地;固废综合利用;绿色发展

引言

WOGUOGUTIFEIWULISHIDUICUNLIANGYUE600~700YIDUN,MEINIANXINZENGDEGUTIFEIQIWUJIN100YIDUN。XINZENGGUFEILIANGJUGAOBUXIA,LISHICUNLIANGXIAOHUAKUNNAN,JIANGDAOZHIDALIANGGONGYEGUFEIDELUTIANDUIJI,DUITUDI、DIXIASHUIDENGGEFANGMIANZAOCHENGYANZHONGHUANJINGWEIHAI,BINGBUDUANCANSHIQINZHANCHENGSHIDEFAZHANKONGJIAN,GUTIFEIWUDEXIAONALIYONGCHENGWEILEDANGQIANCHENGSHIFAZHANDE“DANGWUZHIJI”。

SHENGTAIHUANJINGBUGONGBUDE《2019NIANQUANGUODA、ZHONGCHENGSHIGUTIFEIWUWURANHUANJINGFANGZHINIANBAO》XIANSHI,2018NIANWOGUO200GEDAZHONGCHENGSHIYIBANGONGYEGUFEICHANSHENGZONGLIANGDA15.5YIDUN,DANZHIYOU8.6YIDUNSHIXIANLIYONG,LIYONGLVJINWEI55.48%。2018NIANWOGUOSHENGHUOLAJIQINGYUNLIANGWEI2.28YIDUN,TONGBIZENGZHANG5.56%。SUIZHECHENGSHIHUAJINCHENGDEJIAKUAI,WOGUOSHENGHUOLAJIQINGYUNLIANGJIANGCHIXUKUODA,YUJI2023NIANJIANGCHAOGUO3YIDUN,SHENGHUOLAJIDEFENLEIHUISHOUYUCHULIYALIJIANGCHIXUZENGDA。

GUTIFEIQIWUCHULISANLUAN、GUTIFEIWUQUXIANGBUMING、ZONGHELIYONGYUJIZHONGCHUZHINENGLIBUGOU、BIAOZHUNTIXIBUJIANQUAN、JISHUZHICHENGBUZUDENGWENTIBUTONGCHENGDUDECUNZAI,SHIGUTIFEIWUWURANFANGZHICHENGWEILVSEFAZHANZHONGDEDUANBAN。ZAILVSEFAZHAN、SHENGTAIYOUXIAN、XUNHUANDAIDONGCHENGWEIFAZHANGONGSHIDEXIANJIN,RUHETUIDONGCHENGSHILVSEFAZHAN,CHENGSHUYINGDUIFEIQIWUCHANSHENGYUCHULIWENTI,JIANGSHIPOJIE“LAJIWEICHENG”,XINGCHENGLVSEFAZHANDEGUANJIAN。

GUTIFEIQIWUZIYUANHUALIYONGSHIPOJIEGUFEIWURANFANGZHINANTIDEYOUXIAOTUJING。GUFEIZIYUANHUALIYONGJIANGYOUXIAOHUANJIEZIYUANPINGJINGXIANZHUANG,CHENGWEIZIYUANLAIYUANDEZHONGYAOBUCHONG。WOGUODAZONGKUANGCHAN、SHIYOU、TIANRANQIDENGZIYUANDUIWAIYICUNDUJIAOGAO,TIEKUANGSHI、TONG、JIADENGDUIWAIYICUNDUCHAOGUO50%,YUANYOUDUIWAIYICUNDUGAODA72.3%。JINGCESUAN,MEIHUISHOULIYONG1DUNZAISHENGZIYUANKEYIJIEYUEZIRANZIYUAN4.12DUN,BIAOZHUNMEI1.4DUN,JIANSHAO6~10DUNGUFEICHUZHI。2018NIANWOGUOHUISHOULIYONGZAISHENGYOUSEJINSHU1110WANDUN,ZHANYOUSEJINSHUCHANLIANGDE19.4%。YUJIDAO2030NIAN,WOGUOTONGGUOGUFEIZIYUANHUAKEXINZENGZAISHENGTONG607WANDUN、GANGTIE4.7YIDUN,TIDAIYUE25%DEYUANSHENGZIYUANLIANG。CIWAI,GUFEIZIYUANHUALIYONGDUIYUERYANGHUATANHEWURANWUJIANPAIJUYOUFEICHANGXIANZHUDEXIAOGUO。YUYUANSHENGCHANPINXIANGBIJIAO,ZAIZHIZAOCHANPINKEJIEYUECHENGBEN50%、NENGHAO60%、YUANCAILIAO70%,JIANSHAOWURANPAIFANGYUE80%。

JINNIANLAI,WOGUOCHUTAILEYIXILIEZHENGCETUIDONG“WUFEICHENGSHI”“LIANGXINGJIDI”DEJIANSHE,QIHEXINSHITUIDONGCHENGSHIGUFEIZIYUANHUALIYONG,SHIXIANLVSEFAZHAN。BENWENSHOUXIANSHULI“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHEXIANZHUANGHECUNZAIDEWENTI,RANHOUFENXI“LIANGXINGJIDI”DUIYUSHIXIAN“WUFEICHENGSHI”DEZHONGYAOZUOYONGHEJIANSHEXIANZHUANG,ZUIHOUTICHUJINYIBUFAZHAN“LIANGXINGJIDI”ZHULI“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHEDEZHENGCEJIANYI。

一、“无废城市”建设现状与问题

“WUFEICHENGSHI”SHIGUANCHEXIJINPINGSHENGTAIWENMINGSIXIANG,LIZUYUCHUANGXIN、XIEDIAO、LVSE、KAIFANG、GONGXIANGDEWUDAFAZHANLINIAN,ZHILIYUDAZAOLVSESHENGCHANSHENGHUOFANGSHI,SHIXIANANQUANCHUZHIGUTIFEIQIWU,JIANGDIQIDUISHENGTAIHUANJINGDEYINGXIANG,BINGJINXINGYUANTOUJIANLIANGHEZIYUANHUALIYONGDEYIZHONGCHENGSHIFAZHANFANGSHI。2018NIANGUOWUYUANBANGONGTINGYINFALE《“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHESHIDIANGONGZUOFANGAN》(GUOBANFA〔2018〕128HAO),TICHU“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHELINIAN,“TANSUOJIANLI‘WUFEICHENGSHI’JIANSHEZONGHEGUANLIZHIDUHEJISHUTIXI,DAZONGGONGYEGUTIFEIWUZHUCUNCHUZHIZONGLIANGZENGZHANGQULING,ZHUYAONONGYEFEIQIWUQUANLIANGLIYONG,SHENGHUOLAJIJIANLIANGHUA,ZIYUANHUASHUIPINGQUANMIANTISHENG,WEIXIANFEIQIWUQUANMIANANQUANGUANKONG……,PEIYUYIPIGUTIFEIWUZIYUANHUALIYONGGUGANQIYE。”YAOZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEIXUANZEYOUTIAOJIAN、YOUJICHU、GUIMOSHIDANGDECHENGSHIKAIZHANSHIDIANGONGZUO。

YINIANDUOLAI,“WUFEICHENGSHI”DELINIANZHUBUDEDAOLEGEFANGDERENTONG,SHENGTAIHUANJINGBUKAIZHANSHIDIANDE11+5GECHENGSHIHEDIQUANJIHUATUIJIN,QIZHONG12GECHENGSHIHEDIQUYIJINGHUOZHEZHENGZAIKAIZHANGUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEIZUZHIDEYUANQUXUNHUANHUAGAIZAO、“CHENGSHIKUANGCHAN”JIDI、ZIYUANXUNHUANLIYONGJIDI、DAZONGGUFEIZONGHELIYONGJIDIDENGDEJIANSHE。TONGGUOFENXISHIDIANCHENGSHIGUFEILIYONGZHONGLEIHESHULIANGFAXIAN,“WUFEICHENGSHI”SHIDIANJIDAIBUJUHEJIANSHE“LIANGXING”JIDI,YIWANSHANZHENGTISHIDIANDAZAO,JIANBIAO1。

“11+5”WUFEICHENGSHISHIDIANJIANSHEZHONG,YOUYUCHENGSHISHUIPINGGEYI、NENGLIGEYI,JIANSHEQINGKUANGCHAYIJIAODA,ZAIZONGTIJIANSHEBUJU、SHENGHUOLAJIHUISHOUTIXI、SHENGHUOLAJICHULI、XINGYEGUFEIZONGHELIYONG、XINXIGONGXIANGDENGFANGMIANCUNZAIYIXIEWENTI。

ZAIZONGTIJIANSHEBUJUFANGMIAN,XIONGANXINQUGUIHUACHULINENGLI、JISHULUXIANMINGXIANJIAOYOU;BEIJING、TIANJINLIANGKAIFAQUYOUYUQUYUNEIRENKOUJIMIANJISUOXIAN,DADUOCAIYONGQUYUXIETONG、XIAOXINGFENSANCHULIDEFANGSHI,DANWUHAIHUASHUIPINGJUNXIANGDUIJIAOGAO;DIFANGXIAN、XIANJISHILAJIJIZHONGCHUZHISHUIPINGYOUDAITISHENG。BUFENDIFANGRUPANJINSHIYIJINGGUIHUAJIANSHEPANJINSHIZAISHENGZIYUANCHANYEYUANHELIAODONGWANXINQUZAISHENGZIYUANCHANYEYUANLIANGGEZAISHENGZIYUANCHANYEYUANQU,GUANGZEXIANJIHUABUDUANWANSHANCHENGSHILAJITIANMAI、CANCHULAJICHULI、JIANZHULAJICHULICHANG、YIBANGONGYEGUFEICHULI、BAOFEIJIDONGCHECHAIJIE、WUNISHENGCHANSHENGWUZHIKELIRANLIAO、JIANZHULAJI、KUANGSHANFEISHISHENGCHANJIZHISHADENGXIANGMUJIANSHE,DANXIANGMUSHIFOUCHENGXIANJIZHONGHUA、YUANQUHUARENGDAISHANGQUE。

ZAISHENGHUOLAJIHUISHOUTIXIFANGMIAN,SHENZHEN、TIANJINXINQUFENLEIJIAOWEIJINGXI,ERPUTONGCHENGSHI、XIANJIDIQULAJIFENLEIGONGZUOYUFENLEIBIAOZHUN、YUANZEXIANGDUIJIAOWEIZHIHOU。

ZAISHENGHUOLAJICHULIFANGMIAN,SHENZHEN、XINING、SHAOXING、XUCHANGDENGDILAJITIANMAICHANGYIJINGGAOJI,MUQIANYIGUIHUAHUOZAIJIANLAJIFENSHAOXIANGMU、CANCHUFEIQIWUZONGHECHULIXIANGMU。DANSHI,YOUYUGONGZHONGDUIERWUYINGDENGQITIPAIFANGDEYINYOU,LINBIXIAOYINGMINGXIAN,YISHENGHUOLAJIFENSHAOWEIZHUDELAJIFENSHAOXIANGMURENGRANMIANLINXUANZHINANDENGWENTI。

ZAIXINGYEGUFEIZONGHELIYONGFANGMIAN,BAOTOU、TONGLINGDENGZHANGQIYITUOZIYUANKAICAI、YELIANWEIZHUDEGONGYECHENGSHI,DAZONGGUFEIDECUNLIANGYUXINZENGLIANGJUDA,ERCHULINENGLIQUEKOUJUDA,XIANGGUANZAISHENGZIYUANCHANPINSHICHANGFENEJIAOXIAO,RENGSHIZHONGZHANGQIMIANLINDEZHUYAOWENTI。

ZAIXINXIGONGXIANGFANGMIAN,RUXUANCHENGSHIDEGUFEIGUANLISHUIPINGHEXINXIGONGKAICHENGDUCHAYIMINGXIAN,DABUFENDIQUDUIYUGUFEICUNLIANG、XINZENGLIANGDENGXINXIDEGONGBUHETONGJICUNZAIXIANGDANGDADEQUESHI。LIRU,BAOTOUSHIZANWEIGONGBU2017NIANQUANSHIWEIXIANFEIQIWUCHANSHENGLIANGJIJUTICHULIQINGKUANGDENGXINXI。

表1 “无废城市”11+5试点固废处理现状分析

2.jpg

注:表格数据来源于文献(参考文献[1-2])及试点城市地区的公开数据(如生态环境厅/局官网),部分地区尚未公布相关数据,不代表该地区无该项处理能力。由于部分城市信息公开有限,此表可能与实际存在一定偏差,请酌情参考。

二、“两型基地”建设意义与现状

“LIANGXINGJIDI”SHIZHIZIYUANXUNHUANLIYONGJIDIHEDAZONGGUTIFEIQIWUZONGHELIYONGJIDI,SHIGENJU《GUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEIBANGONGTING ZHUFANGCHENGXIANGJIANSHEBUBANGONGTINGGUANYUTUIJINZIYUANXUNHUANLIYONGJIDIJIANSHEDETONGZHI》(FAGAIBANHUANZI〔2018〕502HAO)、《GUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEIBANGONGTING GONGYEHEXINXIHUABUBANGONGTING GUANYUTUIJINDAZONGGUTIFEIQIWUZONGHELIYONGCHANYEJIJUFAZHANDETONGZHI》(FAGAIBANHUANZI〔2019〕44HAO)DENGWENJIANKAIZHANDESHIDIANJIDIJIANSHEXINGDONG,QIZHONGZIYUANXUNHUANLIYONGJIDIZHUYAOZHENDUIFEIGANGTIE、FEIYOUSEJINSHU、FEIJIULUNTAI、JIANZHULAJI、CANCHUFEIQIWU、YUANLINFEIQIWU、FEIJIUFANGZHIPIN、FEISULIAO、FEIRUNHUAYOU、FEIZHI、KUAIDIBAOZHUANGWU、FEIBOLI、SHENGHUOLAJI、CHENGSHIWUNIDENGCHENGSHIFEIQIWUJINXINGFENLEILIYONGHEJIZHONGCHUZHI,SHIJIANSHECHENGSHIXINXINGGONGNENGQU,POJIELAJICHUZHI“LINBIXIAOYING”DEZHUYAOTUJINGZHIYI。DAZONGGUTIFEIQIWUZONGHELIYONGJIDI(GONGXINBUPIFUSHIDIANWEIGONGYEZIYUANZONGHELIYONGJIDI),ZHUYAOZHENDUIWEIKUANG(GONGBANSHENGKUANG)、MEIGANSHI、FENMEIHUI、YEJINZHA(CHINI)、HUAGONGZHA(GONGYEFUCHANSHIGAO)、GONGYEFEIQILIAO(JIANZHULAJI)、NONGLINFEIQIWUJIQITA(HANKUAIDIBAOZHUANG、FEIJIUDIANCHI、FEIJIUSHEBEICHAIJIEFEIQIWUDENG)DENGGONGYEFEIQIWU,MUDESHITIGAOGUFEIZIYUANHUALIYONGSHUIPING,CHIXUSHIXIANGUFEIYUANTOUJIANLIANGHEZIYUANZONGHELIYONG。 

“LIANGXINGJIDI”DEHEXINMUBIAOSHIGUTIFEIWUYUANTOUJIANLIANG、ZIYUANHUALIYONGHEWUHAIHUACHULI,ZHEIYESHI“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHEDEZHONGYAONEIRONG。YINCI,“LIANGXINGJIDI”JIANSHESHISHIXIAN“WUFEICHENGSHI”MUBIAODEZHONGYAOZHUASHOU。MUQIAN,GUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEILEIJIPIFULE100GE“LIANGXINGJIDI”SHIDIAN,WEIRAOCHENGSHISHENGHUOLAJI、ZAISHENGZIYUANYUXINGYEDAZONGGUTIFEIQIWUKAIZHANJIZHONGZONGHELIYONGSHIDIANJIDIJIANSHE,JIDIQINGDANJICHULIFEIQIWULEIXINGJIANBIAO2。

表2 “两型基地”试点建设现状

注:2018年获批为资源循环利用基地,2019获批为大宗固体废弃物综合利用基地。

“LIANGXINGJIDI”PIFUYILAI,DABUFENSHIDIANJIDIXIANGMURENGZAIJIANSHEDANGZHONG。CONGBUFENYIJINGYUNYINGDESHIDIANJIDILAIKAN,GUFEICHUZHIYUZONGHELIYONGQIYEMIANLINZHE“CHIBUBAO”、YUNXINGYUGUANLIKUNNANDENGWENTI,ZHUYAOYOUYIXIAJIDIAN:

YISHIGUOJIADUIERWUYINGHEYANQIPAIFANGBIAOZHUNBUDUANJIAYAN。ZHONGXIAOCHENGSHIDABUFENQIYEWULICHENGDANGAOANGDEYUNXINGWEIHUCHENGBEN,YOUNENGLICHENGDANDEDACHENGSHIZESHOUZHIYULINBIXIAOYING,JIDIJIANSHEYEJUBUWEIJIAN。

ERSHIHUISHOUTIXIYOUDAIJINYIBUJIAQIANG。CHULIXIANGMUNENGGOUZHENGCHANGYUNYINGDEGUANJIANZAIYUBAOCHIHUISHOULIANGDEWENDING,ERSHENGHUOLAJI、GONGYEGUFEI、ZAISHENGZIYUANDENGGUFEIZIYUANDUOYANG,HENDUOGAOZHIHUAGUFEIHUISHOUYIYOUCHENGSHUCHANYELIANTIAO,ZHUYAOYOUGEZHONGQIYE、XIAOZUOFANGHUISHOUJIAGONGLIYONG,ERDIZHIHUAFEIQIWUHUISHOUZHUYAOYOUCHENGSHIHUANWEITIXITONGYIHUISHOU、TIANMAIHUOFENSHAO。YOUYUQUEFASHICHANGXINGWEI,TONGSHIBUFENGONGYEGUFEILIYONGNENGLIDI,CHULIQIYEWANGWANGMIANLIN“CHIBUBAO”DEWENTI,ZAICHENGSHIYIYOUBUTIEJICHUSHANG,RENGYUNYINGKUNNAN。

SANSHIGONGYEGUFEIZIYUANHUAJISHUTIXIYUSHICHANGTIAOJIANRENGBUWANSHAN。SHOUXIANYUYUNJUDUAN、CHANPINGONGYIJISHUJIAODIDENGWENTI,GUFEIZIYUANHUACHANPINCHENGBENGAOANG,PINZHIDIDUAN,SHICHANGRENGWEIDAKAI,DABUFENGUFEILIYONGQIYEYUNYINGKUNNAN。SHOUXIANYUGONGYEGUFEICUNLIANG、ZENGLIANGJUDA,WULITEXINGFUZA,DABUFENZHONGXIAOQIYEGUANLIBUGUIFAN,TOURUYANFAJISHUTOUZIJIAODI,SHANGWEIXINGCHENGHUANJING、JINGJI、SHEHUI、JISHUDUOFANGYOUXIAODEZIYUANHUAJISHUTIXI。

SISHIZHENGFUZHICHILIDUYOUDAIJIAQIANG。GEDIZHENGFUDUIGUFEIZIYUANHUACHANPINDEZHILIANGBIAOZHUNHERENZHENGTIXIBUYI,NANYIKUAQUYULIUTONG,CONGERDAOZHIZIYUANHUACHANPINDESHICHANGKONGJIANXIAXIAO,QIESHOUJIAGEBODONGYINGXIANGJIAODA,ZAISHICHANGJINGZHENGZHONGWANGWANGCHUYULIESHIDIWEI,DAOZHIJIDIXIANGMUZAITOURONGZI、JIANSHEDENGFANGMIANJINZHANHUANMAN,TONGSHIZHENGFUDUIYUGUFEILIYONGQIYEDEFUCHIWANGWANGSHIJIANDANDECAIZHENGBUTIE,WEINENGZAIHUISHOUTIXI、JISHUYANFA、RONGZIZHICHIDENGFANGMIANJIYUBANGZHU。

三、“两型基地”助力“无废城市”建设的政策建议

“WUFEICHENGSHI”SHIYIZHONGXINDECHENGSHIFAZHANLINIANHEMOSHI,XUYAOZHENGFU、QIYE、GONGZHONG、SHEHUIDENGDUOFANGXIETONGHEZUOCAINENGXINGCHENGLIANGHAODEYUNXINGJIZHI。SUIZHE“WUFEICHENGSHI”SHIDIANJIANSHEDESHUNLITUIJIN,YUQIXIAYIBUJIANGZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEIXUANZEGENGDUODIQUZHANKAI“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHE,ZHEIJIANGYOUZHUYUQUANMIANSHIXIANGUTIFEIQIWUZONGHELIYONG,SHENGHUOLAJIFENLEIHUISHOU,WEIXIANFEIQIWUANQUANCHUZHI,DUIYUGAISHANCHENGSHIHUANJINGMIANMAOHEBAOHUNONGCUNSHENGTAIHUANJINGJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

“无废城市”——海南三亚市

ZAI“WUFEICHENGSHI”SHIDIANJIANSHEGUOCHENGZHONG,DABUFENSHIDIANDIQUYIJINGYISHIDAO“LIANGXINGJIDI”JIANSHEDEZHONGYAOXING,YOUXIESHIDIANDIQUYIZAIYUANYOUDEXUNHUANJINGJISHIDIANJICHUSHANGWEIRAO“LIANGXINGJIDI”KAIZHANBUJUYUJIANSHE。DANGENGDUODESHIDIANDIQURENGQUEFA“LIANGXINGJIDI”DEZONGTIGUIHUABUJU,ZHEIJIANGDUIHOUXUTONGYIGUIHUA、XIANGMUXUANZHI、LUODIJIANSHE、ZHENGTIYUNYINGZAOCHENGKUNNAN。“LIANGXINGJIDI”JIANGTONGCHOUSHENGHUOGUFEIYUGONGYEGUFEIDEZONGTIGUANLI,WANSHANGUFEIHUISHOUTIXI,XINGCHENGCHULIGUIMO,TISHENGGUFEIZONGHELIYONGJISHU、WANSHANZONGHEGUANLISHUIPING,FAZHANHUANBAOCHANYE,ZHEIDUIYU“WUFEICHENGSHI”DEJIANSHEJIANGYOUBAILIERWUYIHAI。WEICI,SHIDIANDIQUYINGYI“LIANGXINGJIDI”WEIZHONGYAOZHUASHOU,ZHULI“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHE。

YISHIJIANG“LIANGXINGJIDI”NARUCHENGSHIZONGTIBUJU。ZAICHENGSHIZONGTIFAZHANGUIHUAZHONG,TONGYIXIEDIAOGUIHUAYONGDIBUJU,ZAICHENGSHIJIANSHEZHONGWEIRAOYIYOUGUFEICHULISHESHI、GUFEIDUIFANGDIQUTONGCHOUGUIHUA“LIANGXINGJIDI”,TONGSHIWEIBIANYUXUANZHIHEJIESHENGCHENGBEN,CHENGSHIZHIJIANKEYIGONGTONGJIANSHE“LIANGXINGJIDI”,HEZUOCHULIFEIQIWU。

ERSHIYITUO“LIANGXINGJIDI”WANSHANCHENGSHIHUISHOUTIXI。TUIDONGCHENGSHIZAISHENGZIYUAN、SHENGHUOLAJIHUISHOUTIXIXIANGZIYUANXUNHUANLIYONGJIDIQINGXIE,TUIDONGCHENGSHIGONGYE、NONGYEGUTIFEIQIWUCHANSHENGYUSHOUYUNTIXIXIANGDAZONGGUFEIZONGHELIYONGJIDIQINGXIE。TONGGUOHUISHOUWANGLUODEWANSHANYUGOUJIAN,CONGYUANTOUFENLEI、XIANSHANGXIANXIAHUISHOUDENGGEGEHUANJIE,SHIXIANGUFEIFENLEIMINGQUEHEQUXIANGMINGQUE,TONGGUOFENLEIHUISHOU、QUANMIANQUEBAOGUFEIJINJIDI,BAOZHANGJIDIXIANGMUDEZHENGCHANGYUNZHUAN。

SANSHIWEIRAO“LIANGXINGJIDI”TISHENGCHENGSHIGUFEIZIYUANHUAJISHUSHUIPING。YINDAOZHONGDIANGUFEICHANSHENGQIYE、LIYONGQIYE、KEYANYUANSUO、XINGYEXIEHUI、ZIXUNJIGOUJIADAYANFATOURU,ZHENGTITISHENGCHUANTONGDIFUJIAZHIGUFEILIYONGJISHUGONGYI,DAZAOJINGJIXIAOYIYUHUANBAOXIAOYISHUANGYINGDEGUFEILIYONGJISHUTIXI。ZAIQUANMIANCHULILIYONGJICHUSHANGWEIRAOCHULINANDUDA、LIYONGSHUIPINGDIDEGUFEILEIXINGJINXINGLIANHEGONGGUAN,QUEBAOGUFEIKEYIDEDAOGAOXIAOLIYONGHEANQUANCHUZHI。

SISHITONGGUO“LIANGXINGJIDI”TUIDONGCHENGSHIHUANBAOCHANYEFAZHAN。YINDAOGONGYEYUANQU、GAOXINJISHUCHANYEYUAN、JINGJIJISHUKAIFAQUDENGGONGYEGUFEICHANSHENGQUKAIZHANGUFEIZONGHELIYONG,TUIJINGUFEIWUHAIHUACHULIYUZONGHELIYONGQIYEJIJU,ZHENGTITISHENGGUFEIZONGHECHULILIYONGJISHUYUGUIMO,BUDUANXINAZHOUBIANXIANGGUANQIYE“TUICHENGRUYUAN”,SHANGXIAYOUHUANBAOZHUANGBEIZHIZAOQIYERUJIDI,TUIDONGJIDIZIYUANLIYONGXINGYEZUODAZUOQIANG,XINGCHENGJIENENGHUANBAO、ZONGHELIYONGCHANYEJIJUYUFAZHANZHUANGDA。

WUSHIZUOHAO“LIANGXINGJIDI”JIANGUAN,TUIJINZHIHUI“WUFEICHENGSHI”。JIANLIWANSHANJIDIFEIQIWUPINGTAI,WANSHANXINXITONGJIYUJIAOHUANXITONG,SHIXIANJIDIDEQUANWUZHILIUTONGJI,TONGGUODASHUJUPINGTAIDUIGUFEIDELAIYUAN、QUXIANG、CHANPINHUAJINXINGQUANFANGWEIFENXI,BANGFUQIYEJINYIBUMINGQUEFAZHANFANGXIANG。SHIXIANHUANBAOTONGYIJIANKONGHEJIANGUAN,WANSHANTONGYIDEWUSHUICHULI、ZHACHANGTIANMAI、DAQIJIANGUAN,BIMIAN“ERCIWURAN”FASHENG。

LIUSHIWANSHAN“LIANGXINGJIDI”ZHIDUBAOZHANG,XINGCHENG“WUFEICHENGSHI”ZHANGJIUYUNXINGTIXI。YICHENGSHIWEIDANWEI,DUIXIAQUGELEIGUFEIJINXINGTONGCHOUGUIHUA,CONGDINGCENGSHEJICENGMIANWANSHANSHOUCHUYUNGUANLITIAOLI,JIANGCHENGSHIGUFEICHULIYULIYONGZHIBIAONARUSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEKAOHEZHIBIAOTIXIZHONG,QIANGHUAGEJIZHENGFUYUZHIXINGBUMENDUISHOUYUNTIXI、CHULIJIDIXIANGMUDEJIANGUANYUJIANGCHENG。WANSHANTOURONGZIMOSHI,TUIJINZHENGFUYINDAO、SHICHANGYUNZUO,GULIGENGDUOZIBENJIARUDAOJIDIXIANGMUDETOUZIJIANSHEDANGZHONG,JIAKUAIJIANSHE“LIANGXINGJIDI”,SHIXIANCHENGSHIYONGXUWUFEI。

CANKAOWENXIAN

[1]SHENGTAIHUANJINGBU.2019NIANQUANGUODA、ZHONGCHENGSHIGUTIFEIWUWURANHUANJINGFANGZHINIANBAO.2020.

[2]DINGNING,LIUQI.WUFEICHENGSHI“11+5”SHIDIANGUFEIGUANLIXIANZHUANG[J].CHENGXIANGJIANSHE,2019,569(14):11-22.

[3]GUOZHIDA,BAIYUANYANG.“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHEMOSHIYUSHIXIANLUJING[J].HUANJINGBAOHU,2019,47(11):29-32.

[4]GUANYUYINFA《“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHESHIDIANSHISHIFANGANBIANZHIZHINAN》HE《“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHEZHIBIAOTIXI(SHIXING)》DEHAN[J].ZAISHENGZIYUANYUXUNHUANJINGJI,2019,12(05):3-12.

[5]ZHANGZHANCANG,SHENGGUANGYAO,LIJINHUI,XULIN.WUFEICHENGSHIJIANSHE:XINLINIAN XINMOSHI XINFANGXIANG[J].QUYUJINGJIPINGLUN,2019,39(03):84-95.

[6]PEIXIJUN.“WUFEICHENGSHI”LINIANXIAWOGUOCHENGSHISHENGHUOLAJICHULIMOSHITANXI[J].ZHANGSHADAXUEXUEBAO,2019,33(03):25-27.

[7]ZHOUHONGCHUN.JIAQIANG“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHEDECHANYELIANGUANLI[J].HUANJINGBAOHU,2019,47(09):14-20.

[8]LIJINHUI,ZHUOYUEWEN.“WUFEICHENGSHI”LINIANZHUTUIKECHIXUFAZHAN[J].HUANJINGBAOHU,2019,47(09):9-13.

[9]PANYONGGANG,ZHANGHUICONG.GUANYUGOUJIANWOGUO“WUFEICHENGSHI”ZAISHENGZIYUANLVSEHUISHOUTIXIDEJIANYI[J].HUANJINGBAOHU,2019,47(09):30-36.

[10]QIMINGLIANG,LIUQUANYANG,CHENMINGXIA.WOGUOSHIDIAN“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHE[J].SHENGTAIJINGJI,2019,35(04):9-12.

[11]CHENGHUIQIANG.“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHESHIXUNHUANJINGJIFAZHANDEGAOJIJIEDUAN[J].HUANJINGJINGJI,2019,No.245(05):40-43.

[12]LIGANJIE.KAIZHAN“WUFEICHENGSHI”JIANSHESHIDIAN TIGAOGUTIFEIWUZIYUANHUALIYONGSHUIPING[J].HUANJINGBAOHU,2019,47(02):8-9.




 
var _hmt = _hmt || []; (function() { var hm = document.createElement("script"); hm.src = "https://hm.baidu.com/hm.js?78ebdacae9da971faf025645ab77d367"; var s = document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(hm, s); })();