和记国际备用域名

中咨视界

张瀛瀚 陈渌萍 吴正宇 | 和记国际备用域名贸易中我国的质量竞争力建设研究
发布日期:2020-09-11 作者:张瀛瀚 陈渌萍 吴正宇 信息来源:中咨研究 访问次数: 字号:[ ]

ZHAIYAO:ZHILIANGJINGZHENGLISHIJINGZHENGZHEYIGAOZHILIANGYINGDEFAZHANXIANJIDENENGLI。GUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHI(NQI)SHI和记国际备用域名MAOYIZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHEDEGUANJIAN。BENWENXIANGXICHANSHULEGUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHIDEWUYAOSU——BIAOZHUN、JILIANG、JIANYANJIANCE、RENZHENG、RENKE,YOUQIDUIRENZHENGHERENKEJINXINGLEGENGWEIQINGXIDEJIEDING;YIRENZHENGZHIDUWEILI,JIESHAOLEBUFENGUOJIAZAIZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHEDEXIANJINJINGYAN;SHENRUFENXILEWOGUOZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHEDECHENGXIAOHETIAOZHAN。WOGUOYAOYIZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHEWEIQIJI,JIAQIANGPINPAIJIANSHE,QUANFANGWEITUIJINJIANYANJIANCE、RENZHENG、RENKEDE和记国际备用域名HEZUO,JIJICUJINRENZHENG、RENKEJIEGUODEHURENYUCAIXIN,ZHASHITUIJINRENZHENG、RENKEFUWU和记国际备用域名HUAJIANSHE。

GUANJIANCI:GUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHI(NQI);和记国际备用域名MAOYI;ZHILIANGJINGZHENGLI;JIANYANJIANCE;RENZHENG;RENKE

2014NIANSHOUJIEZHONGGUOZHILIANGDAHUITICHULEZHILIANGJIUSHISHENGMING、ZHILIANGJUEDINGFAZHANXIAOYIHEJIAZHIDELINIAN,WEIBAWOGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANTUIXIANG“ZHILIANGSHIDAI”ZHIMINGLEFANGXIANG。WOGUOZAI和记国际备用域名MAOYIZHONGDEZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIHAIBUQIANG,LIRU,ZHONGGUOZHIZAOZAIZHILIANGFANGMIANZAOYUHENDUOKUNJING,XIFANGFADAGUOJIAJINGCHANGCHUXIANDUIZHONGGUOCHANPINDEZHILIANGZHIYI。

WOGUOGAODUZHONGSHIZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHE,TICHUJIAKUAIGUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHI(National Quality Infrastructure,NQI)TIXIJIANSHE。WOGUOJIXUYAOZUODAOZHIJIZHIBI、KAIFANGGONGXIANG,YOUXUYAOLIZUYUXINSHIDAIDEFAZHANTEDIAN,ZHAZHASHISHIJIANSHEHAOZHILIANGJINGZHENGLI。

YI、GUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHI

GUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHISHI2005NIANYOULIANHEGUOMAOYIHEFAZHANHUIYIUNCTAD(United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)HESHIJIEMAOYIZUZHIWTO(World Trade Organization)ZAI《CHUKOUZHANLVECHUANGXIN》ZHONGSHOUCITICHUDE。GUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHIBAOKUOWUGEYAOSU:BIAOZHUN、JILIANG、JIANYANJIANCE、RENZHENG、RENKE[1]。

ZAIKEYANHECHANYEDEJIAOCHADIDAI,CHANGCHANGCUNZAIYIGEXUYAOKUAYUEDEYIGEGUANJIANQU,SUCHENG“CHUANGXINSIWANGGU”。GUOJIABIAOZHUNYUJISHUYANJIUYUANNIST(National Institute of Standards and Technology)ZHICHU,GUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHIZAIZHEIGEGUANJIANQUQIDAOLEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEZHICHENGHUOZHULIZUOYONG。YAOXIANGYIGAOZHILIANGCANYU和记国际备用域名HEZUOYUJINGZHENG,XUYAOZAIBIAOZHUN、JILIANG、JIANYANJIANCE、RENKE、RENZHENGFANGMIANZUODAOYITIHUAFAZHAN。DANGJIN,WOGUOTONGQUANQIUGEGUODEHUDONGYIBIANDEKONGQIANJINMI,WEILETONGCHOUKAOLVHEZONGHEYUNYONGGUONEIWAIDESHICHANG、ZIYUANHEGUIZE,BIXUYONGHAOGUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHI[2]。

QUANSHIJIEYOU90%YISHANGDEJINGJITIDOUSHIZAIDUOBIANTIZHIXIA(YEJIUSHIZAISHIJIEMAOYIZUZHIDEKUANGJIAXIA)KAIZHANDUOBIANMAOYIHUODONGDE。和记国际备用域名HURENTIXIZHONGDEGUIZESHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE,ZHIYOUGONGTONGZUNSHOUZHEIXIEGUIZE,CAINENGGOUWEIHUDUOBIANMAOYITIZHIDEZHENGCHANGJINXING。

FUHEGUIZESHIWOGUOQIYE“ZOUCHUQU”BIBEIDEYIGERUANTIAOJIAN。LIRU,TBTXIEYI(Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade)SHISHIJIEMAOYIZUZHIGUANXIADEYIXIANGDUOBIANMAOYIXIEYI,QIZHUYAOTIAOKUANBAOKUOJISHUFAGUIHEBIAOZHUN、XINXIHEYUANZHU、CUOSHANGHEZHENGDUANJIEJUEDENG,SHIYONGYUSUOYOUCHANPIN。ZHEIGEXIEYIQIANGDIAOSHIJIEMAOYIZUZHIDECHENGYUANYAOQUEBAOTADEJISHUFAGUI、ZIYUANXINGBIAOZHUNYIJIHEGEPINGDINGCHENGXUBUHUIDUIMAOYICHANSHENGBUBIYAODEZHANGAI。ZHEISHIBIXUZUNSHOUZHEIGEGUIZE,YINWEIHEGEPINGDINGCHENGXUSHITBTXIEYIZHONGYAONEIRONG。

2017NIAN,WOGUOMINGQUETICHUJIAKUAIGUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHITIXIJIANSHE,JUTIJUCUOSHIGOUJIANGUOJIAXIANDAIXIANJINCELIANGTIXI、JIAKUAIGUOJIABIAOZHUNTIXIJIANSHE、WANSHANGUOJIAHEGEPINGDINGTIXI。ZHEIXIEJUCUODUIJIAKUAITUIJINZHONGGUOZHIZAOXIANGZHONGGUOCHUANGZAOZHUANBIAN、ZHONGGUOSUDUXIANGZHONGGUOZHILIANGZHUANBIAN、ZHONGGUOCHANPINXIANGZHONGGUOPINPAIZHUANBIANJUYOUSHIFENZHONGYAODEYIYI[1]。

ZAIBIAOZHUN、JILIANG、JIANYANJIANCE、RENZHENG、RENKEWUYAOSUZHONG,JIANYANJIANCE、RENZHENG、RENKEZHEISANGEYAOSUTONGCHENGWEIHEGEPINGDING。BIAOZHUNSHITIXIANJILIANGJIAZHIDEZAITI,YESHIHEGEPINGDINGDEYIJU。JILIANGSHIBIAOZHUNDEJIZHUN,YESHIHEGEPINGDINGDEJIZHUN。HEGEPINGDINGSHITUIDONGBIAOZHUNSHISHIDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN,YESHITUIDONGJILIANGSUYUANSHUIPINGTISHENGDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN。

1.BIAOZHUN

BIAOZHUNFENWEISANGEWEIDU:CEZHONGCANSHUDEBIAOZHUN,CHENGWEIWEIGUANBIAOZHUN;PANDINGHEGEDECHANPINPANDINGBIAOZHUN,CHENGWEIZHONGGUANBIAOZHUN;ZHENGTIYUNXINGDEGUIFANXINGBIAOZHUN,CHENGWEIHONGGUANBIAOZHUN。ZAIDENGJISHANG,2017NIAN11YUE4RI《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOBIAOZHUNHUAFA》BANBUQIAN,WOGUOBIAOZHUNTIXIBAOKUOGUOJIABIAOZHUN、XINGYEBIAOZHUN、DIFANGBIAOZHUNHEQIYEBIAOZHUN;XIUDINGHOU,ZENGJIALETUANTIBIAOZHUN。TUANTIBIAOZHUNSHIXIEHUI、XUEHUI、LIANMENG、SHANGHUIDENGJUBEISHETUANYIJIFARENZIZHIDEZUZHISHITICHUJUDEBIAOZHUN,JIANGCHENGWEIBIAOZHUNLINGYUYIGEXINDESHENGLIJUN。CONGNEIRONGSHANG,WOGUOBIAOZHUNTIXIKEYIFENWEICANSHUBIAOZHUN、CHANPINBIAOZHUNHEGUIFANBIAOZHUN。BIAOZHUNZAIYINGYONGSHANGKEYIZHICHENGCHANYEZHENGCE,BAOZHANGJIANYANJIANCE、RENZHENG、RENKEDEHELISHISHI,BINGQIEKEYILADONGJILIANGSHUJUDEJINGZHUNXING,JUYOUCHENGSHANGQIXIADEZUOYONG。

2.JILIANG

JILIANGZAI和记国际备用域名SHANGCHENGWEIXIAOZHUN,WOGUODEXIAOZHUNHEJIANDINGSHIGONGTONGCUNZAIDE。JIANDINGSHIYIZHONGFAJIAN,QIYIJUFAJIANMULUKAIZHAN。MUQIANDEFAJIANMULUYOU150DUOXIANG,SHUYUQIANGZHIJIANDING。WEILAIDEGAIGECUOSHISHIYAODUIFAJIANMULUJINXINGSHOUSUO,ZHEIYANGJIUHUISHIFANGCHUXIAOZHUNDESHICHANGKONGJIAN。JILIANG,JIANERYANZHISHIBAOZHANGJINGZHUNXINGDEZHUYAOSHOUDUAN。RUGUOBAGUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHIDENEIHANBIYUCHENGYIKEZHILIANGZHISHU,NEIMEJILIANGSHIZHEIKEZHILIANGZHISHUDEGEN,BIAOZHUNSHIZHEIKEZHILIANGZHISHUDEGAN,JIANYANJIANCE、RENZHENGZESHIZHEIKEZHILIANGZHISHUDEHUA、ZHI、YE、GUO,ERRENKEJIUSHIBUTONGRENZHONGDESHUJINXINGHURENDEZHIDU。

3.JIANYANJIANCE、RENZHENG、RENKE

RENZHENGHERENKEWANGWANGXIGUANDIBEIFANGZAIYIQIDU,SHIJISHANGRENZHENGHERENKEWANQUANSHILIANGGEGAINIAN。NENGGOUSHIXIANZHONGGUOJIANYANJIANCERENZHENGYU和记国际备用域名HURENDERENKEJIGOU,JIZHONGGUOHEGEPINGDINGGUOJIARENKEWEIYUANHUICNAS(China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment),SHI和记国际备用域名SHIYANSHIRENKEHEZUOZUZHIILAC(International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation)DECHENGYUANDANWEI,TONGYIFUZEDUIRENZHENGJIGOU、SHIYANSHIHEJIANCHAJIGOUDENGXIANGGUANJIGOUDERENKEGONGZUO。WOGUODERENKECHANGBEIJIANYUEHUA,SHIJISHANGRENKESHIZHILIANGJIGOU和记国际备用域名HUADEYIXIANGZHIDU,JUYOUGENGGAOCENGJI。

RENZHENGFENSANGEWEIDU,JITIXIRENZHENG、FUWURENZHENGHECHANPINRENZHENG,TASHIWANQUANYITUOYUBIAOZHUNHEJIANYANJIANCEJIEGUODEYIZHONGZONGHEXINGZHENGMING,YONGYUCHUANDIXINREN。RENZHENGSHISHUYUCAOZUOCENGMIANDE,RENKESHISHUYU和记国际备用域名HURENZHIDUCENGMIANDE。SHISHISHANG,RENZHENGGENGSHIHEYUJIANYANJIANCEFANGZAIYIQI,ZHEISHIYINWEICHANPINJIANYANJIANCESHIZHONGDIANZHENDUICHANPINZHONGDECANSHU,YIKAOJIANYANJIANCEYIQIHEPANDINGFANGFA,DEDAOJIEGUOSHUJU,CHUJUJIANYANJIANCEBAOGAODEXINGWEI,TACEZHONGYURENDENENGLI,SHIDUICHANPINZHILIANGSHUXINGDEZONGHEPANDING;ERCHANPINRENZHENGSHIJIEHEJIANYANJIANCEDEHEGESHUJU,JIEHESHENGCHANGUOCHENG,ZONGHEPANDING,DEDAORENZHENGJIEGUODEGUOCHENG,GENGJUYOU“GUOCHENGXING”。CHANPINRENZHENGFANGSHIBAOKUOQIANGZHIXINGRENZHENGHEZIYUANXINGRENZHENG。QIANGZHIXINGRENZHENGSHIWEIBAOHUXIAOFEIZHERENSHENHUOZHEDONGZHIWUSHENGMINGANQUAN,BAOHUHUANJING、BAOHUGUOJIAANQUAN,YIZHAOFALVFAGUISHISHIDE。KAIZHANZIYUANXINGRENZHENGDEMUDESHIZHIDAOXIAOFEIZHEXUANGOUXINGNENGLIANGHAODESHANGPIN,TIGAOQIYEDESHICHANGJINGZHENGNENGLI,QUANMIANZENGQIANGCHANPINDEXINGNENG,TISHENGQIYECHIXUWENDINGDISHENGCHANFUHEBIAOZHUNYAOQIUDECHANPINDENENGLI。TONGSHI,JIANYANJIANCEHERENZHENGYESHIDUIZHENGGEBIAOZHUNDESHIYONGGUOCHENG。

RENZHENG、RENKESHI和记国际备用域名TONGXINGDEGUIFANJINGJI、CUJINFAZHANDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN,SHIQIYEHEZUZHIJIGOUTIGAOGUANLIYUFUWUSHUIPING、BAOZHENGCHANPINZHILIANG、TIGAOJINGZHENGLIDEYOUXIAOFANGSHI,YESHIQUEBAOCHANPINZHILIANGANQUAN、GUIFANSHICHANG、ZHIDAOXIAOFEI、BAOHUHUANJING、BAOHUSHENGMINGJIANKANG、CUJINDUIWAIMAOYIDEZHANLVEXINGXUANZE[3]。HEGEPINGDINGZHUYAOSHIZHITONGGUOJIANYANJIANCE、RENZHENG、RENKE,YUNYONGHEGEPINGDINGSHOUDUANGUIFANYINDAOSHICHANGZHUTIDEXINGWEI,YOULIYUQIYETIGAOZHILIANGXIAOYI、WEIHUGONGPINGCHENGXINDEZIWOJIZHIHEWEIGUANHUANJING。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,TONGGUOSHEHUIXINYONGXINXIGONGXIANG、QIYEXINYONGXINXIGONGSHIDENGGONGGONGXINXIPINGTAI,GONGKAIRENZHENG、RENKEXINXI,NENGGOUGENGYOUXIAODIXIANGSHICHANGHESHEHUICHUANDIZHILIANGHEXINYONGXINHAO。

ER、和记国际备用域名ZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHE

JIYURENZHENG、RENKEDEHURENTIXIYIFUGAIQUANQIUJINGJIZONGLIANGDE95%YISHANG。GUOJIARENZHENGZHIDUZAISHIJIESHANGXIANGJIJIANLI,WOGUODERENZHENG、RENKEYEZHENGZOUXIANGSHIJIE。XIAMIANYIGUOWAIYIXIEGUOJIADERENZHENGZHIDUWEILI,LAILEJIE和记国际备用域名ZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIDEJIANSHEQINGKUANG。

1.JIANADA

JINNIANLAI,WOGUOYUJIANADAYICONGDANYIDESHANGPINMAOYIFAZHANDAOQUANFANGWEI、KUALINGYU、DUOYUANHUADEMAOYIHEJINGJIJISHUHEZUO。YIXIEGUOJIAMEIYOUDUIDIANQICHANPINDEANQUANTUIXINGQIANGZHIXINGRENZHENGDEMOSHI,ZHISHIYAOQIUDIFANGZHENGFUDUICHANPINANQUANXINGDEHEGEPINGDINGYAOQIUZUOCHUJUTIGUIDING。DIFANGYIBANCAIQUZIYUANXINGRENZHENG,ZHIYAOCHANPINTONGGUORENHERENKEDEDISANFANGRENZHENGJIGOUJINXINGDEJIANCE/HEGEPINGDINGJIKE。JIANADADEDIANQIANQUANFAHE10GESHENGDEANQUANLIFAGUIDINGLEDIANQICHANPINYAOJINXINGQIANGZHIXINGRENZHENG。JIANADABIAOZHUNXIEHUIBANFADECSA(Canadian Standard Association)RENZHENGBIAOZHI、ETL SEMKO DivisionGONGSISHISHIDEETL(Electrical Testing Laboratories)RENZHENGSHIZHUYAODEANQUANRENZHENG。CIWAI,ZAIDIANCIGANRAO、DIANLIFUSHEDENGFANGMIAN,JIANADAYEDUIXIANGGUANCHANPINGUIDINGLEYOUGUANQIANGZHIXINGRENZHENGDEYAOQIU。

2.OUMENG

OUMENGYESHIWOGUODEYIDAMAOYIHUOBAN。CE(Conformity With European)SHIOUMENGDUICHANPINTICHUDEYIZHONGQIANGZHIXINGANQUANHEGEBIAOZHI,SHIYOUTIAOYUE、ZHILING、FALVDENGZUCHENGDEQIANGZHISHICHANGZHUNRUZHIDU。CEBIAOZHIJINDAIBIAOJIATIEBIAOZHIDECHANPINWANCHENGLEGUIDINGDEHEGEPINGDINGCHENGXU,BUDAIBIAOFUHEOUMENGZHILINGDEYAOQIU。CEBIAOZHISHIYONGDECHANPINLINGYUBAOKUOWANJU、JIANZHUCHANPIN、JIXIE、WUXIANDIANJIDIANXINZHONGDUANSHEBEI、CHUANYONGSHEBEI、YILIAOQIXIEDENG30DUOGELEIBIE。ZHENDUIZHILINGGUIDINGDESHANGSHUCHANPINBIXUJIATIECEBIAOZHI,CHANPINZHIYOUYIJUSUOYOUXIANGGUANZHILINGJINXINGHEGEPINGDINGHOU,CAINENGTOUFANGSHICHANGHUOJIAOFUSHIYONG。LIRU,TüVBIAOZHISHIZHUANWEIYUANQIJIANCHANPINDINGZHIDEYIGEANQUANRENZHENGBIAOZHI,DEDAOLEGUANGFANDEJIESHOU。QIYEKEYIZAISHENQINGTüVBIAOZHISHI,TONGSHISHENQINGCB(Certification Bodies’Scheme)ZHENGSHU,JIANSHAO和记国际备用域名HURENSHIKENENGCHANSHENGDEZHANGAI。

3.RIBEN

RIBENCAIYONGPSE(Product Safety of Electrical Appliance & Materials)RENZHENGZHIDU。RIBENZHILIANGRENZHENGSHOUDAOHONGGUANDIAOKONGGUANLI,GEBUMENDUIQIGUANXIADEJUTICHANPINSHIXINGDULIDEZHILIANGRENZHENGZHIDU,RENZHENGBIAOZHIYEBUTONGYI[4]。RIBENZUIZHUYAODEZHILIANGRENZHENGGUANLIBUMENSHIJINGJICHANYESHENG,CHANPINRENZHENGZHIDUYEBAOKUOQIANGZHIXINGHEZIYUANXINGLIANGLEI。QIANGZHIXINGRENZHENGCHANPINZHUYAOYOUXIAOFEIPIN、DIANQICHANPIN、YEHUASHIYOUQIJUHEMEIQIYONGJUDENG[8]。ZAIQIANGZHIXINGRENZHENGFANCHOUZHIWAISHIZIYUANXINGRENZHENG,QIYEKEYIZIYUANXUANZESHIFOUJINXINGRENZHENG。HUODERENZHENGZHENGSHUKEYIZHENGMINGCHANPINDEMOUZHONGTEXINGDADAOLERENZHENGYAOQIU。RIBENZHUYAODEZIYUANXINGRENZHENGSHIJIS(Japanese Industrial Standards)BIAOZHIRENZHENG,BAOKUOLIANGZHONGRENZHENGLEIXING:YIZHONGSHIBIAOSHIGAICHANPINFUHERIBENYOUGUANDECHANPINBIAOZHUN;LINGYIZHONGSHIBIAOSHIGAICHANPINSUOYONGDEJIAGONGFANGFAFUHERIBENGONGYEBIAOZHUNDEYAOQIU[5]。

20SHIJI60NIANDAIYILAI,SHIJIESHANGCENGXIANHOUCHUXIANGUO100DUOGEZHONGDENGSHOURUDEJINGJITI,DANQIZHONGZHIYOUSHIJIGEMAIRUFADAGUOJIAXINGLIE。KUAYUE“ZHONGDENGSHOURUXIANJING”,FADAGUOJIADEJUEQIDOUSHILIJINGMONANDE,TIGAOSHENGCHANYAOSUXIAOLVZHIGUANZHONGYAO,ZHEIQIZHONGBUKEBIMIANDIJINGLILECONGLIANGDETIGAODAOZHIDEZHUANBIAN,ZHILIANGJINGZHENGLISHIZHUANBIANDEZHUYAOTUIDONGLI。

SAN、WOGUOZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHE

WOGUOZAI和记国际备用域名MAOYIZHONGDEZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHESHANGFAHUIZHEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。WOGUOYIWANGDUIGUONEISHANGPINHEJINKOUSHANGPINSHIXINGBUTONGDERENZHENGGUANLITIXI,CUNZAIZHONGFURENZHENGDEWENTI。WOGUOJIARUSHIJIEMAOYIZUZHIHOU,GENJUWTOXIEDINGHE和记国际备用域名TONGXINGGUIZE,DUIQIANGZHIXINGCHANPINRENZHENGZHIDUSHISHI“SIGETONGYI”:TONGYIMULU;TONGYIBIAOZHUN、JISHUFAGUI、HEGEPINGDINGCHENGXU;TONGYIRENZHENGBIAOZHI;TONGYISHOUFEIBIAOZHUN[6]。2018NIANQI,WOGUODUIRENZHENGHEHEGEPINGDINGJIANDUGUANLIZHIDUDENIDINGHESHISHI、RENZHENGXINGYEFAZHANDEGUIHUAZHIDAO、RENKEYUJIANYANJIANCEJIANDUGUANLIZHIDUDENIDINGHESHISHI、JIANYANJIANCEXINGYEFAZHANDEGUIHUAZHIDAODENGZHIZEJINXINGLEJINYIBUDEMINGQUE[7]。

1.WOGUOZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHEMIANLINDETIAOZHAN

WOGUOZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHESHIKEMIANLINZHEXINDEXUQIUHETIAOZHAN。WOGUOGUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHERENGXIANBORUO,TEBIESHIYUFADAGUOJIAXIANGBIHAIYOUYIXIECHAJU,BUNENGWANQUANMANZUJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDEXUYAO。JUTITIXIANZAI:

DIYI,SHEHUIRENZHIDUDI。BIAOZHUN、JILIANG、JIANYANJIANCE、RENZHENG、RENKESHIJICHUXINGGONGZUO,QIEJISHUXINGHEZHUANYEXINGYAOQIUSHIGAOYUKAIFAHESHEJIDE。XIANSHIZHONG,RENMENDUITAMENDERENSHICUNZAIBUSHAOWUQU,JINGCHANGRENWEITAMENSHICHANYELIANZHONGKEYOUKEWUDEHUANJIE。CIWAI,WOGUODUIGUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHIDELILUNYANJIUQIBUWAN,HENDACHENGDUSHANGYEYINGXIANGLETAMENDEFAZHAN。

DIER,ZHENGTISHUIPINGCHAJUDA。YU和记国际备用域名XIANJINSHUIPINGXIANGBI,WOGUOBUSHAOHEXINJISHUSHOUDAOLEYIDINGDEZHIYUE。ZAIJILIANGFANGMIAN,WOGUOBEICHENGRENDEXIAOZHUNCELIANGNENGLIPIANDI,YIXIELINGYUQUEFAJILIANGJIZHUNHECELIANGJISHU,XIANGGUANJISHUYANJIUHAICHUYUQIBUJIEDUAN[2]。

2.WOGUOZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHEQUDEDECHENGXIAO

JIANYANJIANCE、RENZHENG、RENKEZAIWOGUOSHIZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHEDEJICHUXINGGONGZUO,SHIZHILIANGGUANLIDE“TIJIANZHENG”、SHICHANGJINGJIDE“XINYONGZHENG”、和记国际备用域名MAOYIDE“TONGXINGZHENG”,JUYOUCHUANDIXINREN、FUWUFAZHANDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。SUIRANRENZHENG、RENKEDEJIEGUOHAICUNZAISHEHUIXINRENDUBUGOU、和记国际备用域名HURENHECAIXINCHENGDUBUGAODENGWENTI,DANSHI,ZHEIXIEGONGZUOZHENGCHUYUZHONGYAODEFAZHANSHIQI,GEXINGGEYEYEZAIWEICIBUXIENULI,QUDELEYIXIEXIANZHUDECHENGXIAO。

WOGUOXINXINGCHANYECHIXUDAIDONGQIANGZHIXINGRENZHENGHEZIYUANXINGRENZHENGDEFAZHAN。DUIYUQIANGZHIXINGRENZHENG,BIJIAODIANXINGDESHIZHONGGUOQIANGZHIXINGCHANPINRENZHENG——3C(CCC,China Compulsory Certification),TASHIWOGUOWEIBAOHUXIAOFEIZHERENSHENANQUANHEGUOJIAANQUAN、JIAQIANGCHANPINZHILIANGGUANLI,YIZHAOFALVFAGUISHISHIDEYIZHONGCHANPINHEGEPINGDINGZHIDU。XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,3CBIAOZHIBINGBUSHIZHILIANGBIAOZHI,TASHIYIZHONGZUIJICHUDEANQUANRENZHENG。ZAILIRU,HUODECQC(China Quality Certification)RENZHENGBIAOZHIDEGUANGFUCHANPINKEYISHENQINGYIDINGLIANGDEBUTIE,KEYIZUOWEIGONGCHENGZHAOBIAOZHONGDERENZHENGYIJU。WOGUOYECUNZAIHENDUOZIYUANXINGRENZHENG,LIRU2016NIANWOGUOZHENGSHIFABULE“ZHONGGUOJIQIRENCHANPINRENZHENGCR(China Robot)”BIAOZHI,TONGSHIBANFALESHOUPIZHONGGUOJIQIRENCHANPINRENZHENGZHENGSHU,FANYINGLESUIZHEJIQIRENCHANYEDEPENGBOFAZHANHEYINGYONGLINGYUDEBUDUANTUOZHAN,JIQIRENANQUAN、KEKAOXINGDENGZHILIANGWENTISHOUDAOSHEHUIGONGZHONGPUBIANGUANZHU。CIWAI,WOGUOHAIZAIZHONGYAOJINGZHENGLINGYUDALITUIDONGZHIDINGYIWOGUOWEIZHUDAODE和记国际备用域名BIAOZHUN,SHIXIANYUZHUYAOMAOYIGUOZHIJIANDEBIAOZHUNHUREN,JIAQIANGWOGUOBIAOZHUNDE和记国际备用域名HUATUIGUANGYINGYONG,YIBUDUANTISHENGWOGUOGUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHIDEHEXINJINGZHENGLI[2]。

WOGUOZAIZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHEZHONGSHIKAIFANGDE。2018NIANWOGUOCHUKOUQIYESHEJIDEYEWUHENDUOYUJIANYANJIANCE、RENZHENG、RENKEDENGHEGEPINGDINGCHENGXUXIANGGUAN。2017NIANWOGUODIANDONGPINGHENGCHECHUKOUYUE1000DUOWANTAI,HUOZHIYUE20YIMEIYUAN,JIEJUELEYUE80DUOWANRENDEJIUYE。ZAI2016NIAN,GUOWAIDEBAOXIANSHANGSHIYANSUO(UL)FABULEPINGHENGCHEANQUANBIAOZHUNANSI/SCC/UL-2272,BINGBEIANSI(American National Standard Institute)PIZHUN。2018NIAN1YUE1RI,YOUSAC/TC159GUIKOUZHIDINGDEWOGUOSHOUPILIANGXIANGPINGHENGCHEGUOJIABIAOZHUN——《DIANDONGPINGHENGCHEANQUANYAOQIUJICESHIFANGFA》HE《DIANDONGPINGHENGCHETONGYONGJISHUTIAOJIAN》ZHENGSHISHISHI,WOGUOYONGYOULEZIJIDEDIANDONGPINGHENGCHEXINGYEBIAOZHUN。ZAIZHEIZHONGXINGSHIXIA,2018NIAN6YUEDI,GUONEIWAIGONGTONGQIANTOU,LIANHETUIDONGLEDIANDONGPINGHENGCHEBIAOZHUNHURENGONGZUO。ZHEIXIANGHURENJIWOMENYIGEZHONGYAOQISHI,NEIJIUSHIZAITUIJIN和记国际备用域名MAOYIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,WOMENJIYAOLEJIEBENGUODEGUIDING,TONGSHIYEYAOLEJIEMAOYIMUDEGUODEXIANGGUANHEGEPINGDINGCHENGXU,BUNENGYIWEIXINGDIQUYONGWOMENDEBIAOZHUNLAIHENGLIANGBIEGUO。ZHIYOUSHIXIANHUREN,CHANSHENGXIETONGGONGZUOJIZHI,MAOYICAINENGSHUNLIDIDACHENG。BIAOZHUNHURENWEIJIAKUAISHUANGDUOBIANLINGYUHURENDAHAOLEJICHU,YESHIGUOJIAZHIJIANHUXIANGZUNZHONGDEBIYAOTIAOJIAN。JIEZHU和记国际备用域名DUOBIANHURENTIXIPINGTAI,DALITUIDONGWOGUOYUZHONGDIANGUOJIAHEQUYUZIMAOQUKUANGJIAXIADERENZHENGRENKE和记国际备用域名HUREN,NENGGOUGENGYOUXIAODIZHUTUIWOGUOYOUSHICHANPINJINRU和记国际备用域名SHICHANG。

XINLINGYUXINYETAIRENZHENGHEZUOYEZAIQUANMIANZHANKAI。ZHEIXIERENZHENGHEZUOBAOKUO:GUANGFU、FENGDIANSHEBEIZAISHENGNENGYUANRENZHENGHUREN,ZHINENGWANGLIANQICHERENZHENG,XINXIANQUANRENZHENG,KUAJINGDIANZISHANGWUGUIFANRENZHENG,LVSECHANPINRENZHENG,DENGDENG。

3.PINPAIJIANSHEWEIWOGUOZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHEZUOCHUDEGONGXIAN

ZHILIANGHEPINPAISHICHANYEZONGHESHILIDEJIZHONGFANYING,SHIQIYEDEHEXINJINGZHENGLI。YUSHIJIEXIANJINSHUIPINGXIANGBI,WOGUODEMOUXIECHANYEZAIZHUDUOFANGMIANRENGRANCUNZAICHAJU,PINPAIJIANSHEDERENWUJINPOERJIANJU,PINPAIJIANSHEYEWEIWOGUOZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHEZUOCHULETUCHUGONGXIAN。

PINPAIJIANSHESHIZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHEDEGUANJIAN。2013NIAN,WOGUOCHENGLILEZHONGGUOPINPAIJIANSHECUJINHUICCBD(China Council for Brand Development),ZHEISHIWOGUOCONGSHIPINPAIJIANSHEGONGZUOWEIYIDEQUANGUOXINGSHEHUITUANTI[8]。ZHONGGUOPINPAIJIANSHECUJINHUIZUNXUN“KEXUE、GONGZHENG、GONGKAI、GONGREN”DEYUANZE,KAIZHANPINPAIJIAZHIPINGJIAFABU,BINGCONGSHIPINPAIDEPEIYU、DIAOCHAYANJIU、和记国际备用域名JIAOLIU、JISHUHEZUO、XINXIGUANLI、ZIXUNPEIXUN、XUANCHUANJIAOYU、BIAOZHUNYANZHIJIXUANGUANDENGHUODONG,ZHIZAITIGAOWOGUOPINPAIDE和记国际备用域名JINGZHENGLI,TUIDONGWOGUOPINPAI“ZOUCHUQU”,WEIWOGUOJINGJIFAZHANZUOCHUJIJIGONGXIAN。

CONGMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGSHUO,PINPAIDAIBIAOZHEQIYEDESHENGMINGLI,PINPAIDETUNSEYIWEIZHEQIYEZOUXIAPOLULE。PINPAIKEYISHIZHANGJIUXINGDE,DANCHANPINBUKENENGDUONIANYIGESHIYANG、YIGEXINGXIANG,YINWEICHANPINYAOSUIZHEJISHUJINBUERGAIJIN,YAOSUIZHEXIAOFEIZHEDEXIGUANHEAIHAOERBIANGENG。LIRU,SUIRANBENCHIQICHESHIYIGELAOPINPAI,DANNIANNIANCHUCHANGDEBENCHIQICHEQUEZAIBUDUANGENGXIN。PINPAIYAOGENSHANGSHIDAI,CHONGSHIXINNEIRONG,YEYAOSHIYINGTEDINGSHIQIDESHICHANGPIANHAO。RUGUOCHAJUEDAOZIJIWEIZUODAOZHEIYIDIAN,NEIJIUXUYAOYOUJINYIBUSIKAO:WEISHENME?SHIZHILIANGFANGMIANCHULEWENTI,HAISHISHENGCHANYINGXIAOFANGMIANCHULEWENTI?ZHIRENWEI“PINPAILAIZIQIYELISHIYOUJIU、GUIMOJUDA”SHIBUZHENGQUEDE,ZHANGWOHEXINJISHUDEXIAOQIYE、XINQIYEYIYANGKEYIYOUPINPAI。GUOWAIYEYOUYIXIESHENGCHANMOUGEGONGJU、MOUGELINGPEIJIANDEXIAOQIYE,SUIRANRENSHUBUDUO,DANDINGDANMANMANDE,JIUSHIYINWEITAMENYOUPINPAI。PINPAISHIJINGGUOWUSHUCISHICHANGDEKAOYANERBEIKEHUGONGRENDE。

ZAI2018NIANPINPAIJIAZHIPINGJIAGONGZUOZHONG,PINGJIAFANWEIWEIQIYEPINPAI、CHANPINPINPAI、JISHUCHUANGXINPINPAI、ZHONGHUALAOZIHAOPINPAI、QUYUPINPAI。QIZHONGQIYEPINPAI、CHANPINPINPAIZHUYAOMIANXIANGWOGUOJUYOUCHANYEYOUSHI、ZHANGUOMINSHENGCHANZONGZHIBIZHONGJIAOGAO、PINPAIJIANSHEJICHUJIAOHAO、PINPAIPINGJIATIAOJIANCHENGSHUDEXIANGGUANXINGYE,BAOKUO:NONGYE、FANGZHIFUZHUANG、JIXIESHEBEIZHIZAO、NENGYUANHUAGONG、QINGGONG、DIANZIDIANQI、DIANTI、SHIPINJIAGONGZHIZAO、YANGSHENGBAOJIAN、JIANCAIJIANZHUZHUANGSHI、YIYAO、YEJIN、QICHEJIPEIJIANZHIZAO、YINSHUAZAOZHI、CANYINYE、JINRONGYE、XINXICHANYE、SHANGYELINGSHOUDENGXINGYE。JISHUCHUANGXINPINPAIZHUYAOMIANXIANGZHONGXIAOQIYE。

SI、JIESHUYU

ZHILIANGJINGZHENGLISHIRUANSHILIHEYINGSHILIDEJIEHE,和记国际备用域名MAOYIZHONGDEZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHESHISHIYINGJINGJIFAZHANXINCHANGTAI、PEIYU和记国际备用域名JINGZHENGXINYOUSHIDEBIYOUZHILU。

WOGUOYAOYIZHILIANGJINGZHENGLIJIANSHEWEIQIJI,JIAQIANGPINPAIJIANSHE,QUANFANGWEITUIJINYUZHONGDIANGUOJIAHEZHONGDIANYEWULINGYUJIANYANJIANCE、RENZHENG、RENKEDE和记国际备用域名HEZUOJINCHENG,JIJICUJINRENZHENG、RENKEJIEGUOHURENYUCAIXIN,ZHASHITUIJINRENZHENG、RENKEFUWU和记国际备用域名HUAJIANSHEGONGZUO,WEITISHENG和记国际备用域名MAOYIBIANLIHUASHUIPING、GOUJIANWOGUO和记国际备用域名MAOYIXINGEJUTIGONGYOUXIAOZHICHENG。

CANKAOWENXIAN

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[2]ZHONGYANGDANGXIAOSHENGBUJIGANBUJINXIUBANKETIZU.XINCHANGTAIXIAGUOJIAZHILIANGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEYANJIU[J].ZHONGGUOLINGDAOKEXUE,2016,3(7):9-12.

[3]XIANJIEDUANWOGUOYINGJIAQIANGRENZHENGRENKEGONGZUO(YI)[J].XIANDAIHANJIE,2002,3(5):13-14.

[4]ZHAOSHUQI,WANGBOYU.RIBENJISHUMAOYIBILEIJIQIYINGXIANG[J].HEZUOJINGJIYUKEJI,2006,22(15):10-11.

[5]XIAOLI.SHIJIEFADAGUOJIAZHILIANGRENZHENGJIANJIE[J].JUECEJIEJIAN,1997,11(3):22-23.

[6]ZHONGGUOGUOJIARENZHENGRENKEJIANDUGUANLIWEIYUANHUI.ZHONGGUOQIANGZHIXINGCHANPINRENZHENGZHIDU[EB/OL].2019-08-20.http://www.cnca.gov.cn/cnca/extra/other/zd.htm.

[7]LIUSHUANGZHOU.GUANGGAOSHICHANG2018NIANDUFAZHIFAZHANFENXIBAOGAO(ER)[EB/OL].SOUHUWANG,2019-03-19.http://www.sohu.com/a/302213897_100011202.

[8]LIUPINGJUN.PINPAIJIAZHIFAZHANLILUN[M].BEIJING:ZHONGGUOBIAOZHUNCHUBANSHE,2016.




 
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