智库建议

王志伟 | 深化国有企业改革 支撑构建“双循环”新发展格局
发布日期:2020-10-30 作者:王志伟 信息来源:中咨智库 访问次数: 字号:[ ]

DANGQIAN,WOGUOZHENGCHUYUZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGZHANLVEQUANJUHESHIJIEBAINIANWEIYOUZHIDABIANJUDE“LIANGGEDAJU”LISHIJIAOHUIQI,TURUQILAIDEXINGUANFEIYANYIQINGZENGTIANLEGENGDUOBUQUEDINGXING。JINNIAN5YUEYILAI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIDUOCIQIANGDIAO,JIAKUAIXINGCHENGYIGUONEIDAXUNHUANWEIZHUTI、GUONEI和记国际备用域名SHUANGXUNHUANXIANGHUCUJINDEXINFAZHANGEJU。ZHEISHIDANGZHONGYANGJIYUGUONEIWAIXINGSHI,TONGCHOUGUONEIGUOWAI“LIANGGEDAJU”,ZAIBIANJUZHONGKAIXINJU、ZAIWEIJIZHONGYUXINJIERZUOCHUDEZHONGDAZHANLVEBUSHU。GUOYOUQIYEZUOWEIGUOMINJINGJIDE“YACANGSHI”,YINGZAIGOUJIAN“SHUANGXUNHUAN”XINFAZHANGEJUZHONGFAHUI“DINGLIANGZHU”HE“JIXIANFENG”DEZUOYONG,ZHEIJIUYAOQIUYINGJINYIBUJIAKUAIHESHENHUAGUOYOUQIYEGAIGE,JIJISHIYINGXINSHIDAIYAOQIU、YOULIZHICHENGGOUJIANXINFAZHANGEJU、YOUXIAOYINGDUIXINFENGXIANTIAOZHAN。

一、新发展格局下国有企业改革面临新机遇新挑战

DANGJINSHIJIEZHENGZHIJINGJIXINGSHIBOJUEYUNGUI,GUONEI和记国际备用域名XINGSHICHENGXIANCHUQIANSUOWEIYOUDEFUZAGEJU,GUOYOUQIYEGAIGEJIYUYUTIAOZHANBINGCUN。

CONG和记国际备用域名HUANJINGKAN,JINNIANLAIMAOYIBAOHUZHUYIXIAQUANQIUJINGMAOMOCARIYIJIAJUQIEBUDUANFANFU,和记国际备用域名MAOYIGEJUZHENGZAIFASHENGSHENKEBIANHUA,XINGUANFEIYANYIQINGGENGSHICHENGWEI“YINBAODIAN”,JINYIBUJIASULE“NIQUANQIUHUA”QUSHI,ZHUYAOGUOJIACONGGUOJIAANQUANJIAODUJINXINGGONGYINGLIANDIAOZHENG,WOGUOGONGYINGLIANANQUANYUQUANQIUDIWEISHOUDAOJIDACHONGJI,BUFENCHANYECUNZAI“DUANLIAN”FENGXIAN,GUOYOUQIYEFAZHANMIANLINJUDATIAOZHAN。

CONGGUONEILAIKAN,WOGUOYIQINGFANGKONGQUDEJIEDUANXINGSHENGLI,JINGJIFUSUFANDANXINGSHIXIANGHAO,QIANSANJIDUGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHITONGBIZENGZHANG0.7%,SANJIDUZENGZHANG4.9%。ZUOWEIZUIZAOKEFUYIQINGYINGXIANGDEZHUYAOJINGJITI,WOGUOCHUANGZAOLE“WANDAOCHAOCHE”DEJUEJIACHUANGKOUQI。DANTONGSHI,ZUOHAO“LIUWEN”GONGZUOHELUOSHI“LIUBAO”RENWUDEYALIRENGRANJIAODA,ZHUANBIANJINGJIFAZHANMOSHI、SHIXIANGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDEMUBIAOYIRANJIANJU,YIXIELINGYUDUIWAIYICUNDUGAO、BUFENGUANJIANHEXINJISHU“KABOZI”FENGXIANJIAJU,GUOJIAWEILAIFAZHANGENGXUYAOGUONEIJINGJITIGONGDONGNENG。DUICI,GUOYOUQIYEJIANFULEGENGZHONGDELISHIZEREN。

CONGGUOQIGAIGEQINGKUANGLAIKAN,DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,GUOQIGAIGEZHENGCETIXIRIZHENWANSHAN,YIHUNHESUOYOUZHIGAIGEWEIDAIBIAODEGAIGESHIJIANJINGYANBUDUANJILEI,GUOYOUJINGJIGUIMOJIJINGZHENGLIJINYIBUZENGQIANG,2019NIANQUANGUOFEIJINRONGLEIGUOYOUQIYEYINGYESHOURUZONGE62.6WANYIYUAN,LIRUNZONGE3.6WANYIYUAN,FENBIEBI2012NIANDIZENGZHANG47.7%HE63.6%。2020NIANYILAI,GUOYOUQIYETEBIESHIZHONGYANGQIYEZAIWEIKANGJIXINGUANYIQINGFAHUIGUANJIANZUOYONGDETONGSHI,JINYIBUFAHUILEGUOMINJINGJI“WENYAQI”ZUOYONG,GENJUQIANSANJIDUYANGQIJINGJIYUNXINGQINGKUANG,QIANSANJIDUYANGQILEIJISHIXIANYINGYESHOURU21.1WANYIYUAN,SHOURUJIANGFUYOUSHANGBANNIANDE7.8%SHOUZHAIDAOQIANSANJIDUDE4.6%。DISANJIDUZHONGYANGQIYESHIXIANJINGLIRUN4748YIYUAN,TONGBIZENGZHANG34.5%,QIZHONG9YUESHIXIANJINGLIRUN2046.3YIYUAN,CHUANGLISHITONGQIZUIHAOSHUIPING。DANSHI,GUOYOUQIYETIZHIJIZHIJIANGHUA、BUJUJIEGOUBUYOU、JINGYINGXIAOLVRENGDAITISHENGDENGWENTIRENGWEICHEDIJIEJUE,GUOYOUQIYEGAIGEDECHENGXIAOHEDUIJINGJIDEGONGXIANRENGDAIJINYIBUTISHENG。

MIANDUIXINSHIDAI、XINXINGSHI、XINBIANHUA、XINYAOQIU,GOUJIAN“SHUANGXUNHUAN”XINFAZHANGEJUWEIGUOYOUQIYEGAIGETIGONGLEMINGQUEDEFANGXIANGZHIYINHEMUBIAODAOXIANG,BIXUYAOJINYIBUNINGJUGONGSHI、JIJULILIANG、BAWOJIYU、ZHIMIANTIAOZHAN,JINZHUASHIJIANCHUANGKOUZHUDONGGAIGE。

二、新发展格局对国有企业改革提出了新要求

XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIQIANGDIAO,YIGUONEIDAXUNHUANWEIZHUTI,JUEBUSHIGUANQIMENLAIFENGBIYUNXING,ERSHITONGGUOFAHUINEIXUQIANLI,SHIGUONEISHICHANGHE和记国际备用域名SHICHANGGENGHAOLIANTONG,GENGHAOLIYONG和记国际备用域名GUONEILIANGGESHICHANG、LIANGZHONGZIYUAN,SHIXIANGENGJIAQIANGJINGKECHIXUDEFAZHAN。YAOTISHENGCHANYELIANGONGYINGLIANXIANDAIHUASHUIPING,DALITUIDONGKEJICHUANGXIN,JIAKUAIGUANJIANHEXINJISHUGONGGUAN,DAZAOWEILAIFAZHANXINYOUSHI。

CONGGAIGEDEJIAODUKAN,GUOYOUQIYEZHICHENGGOUJIAN“SHUANGXUNHUAN”XINFAZHANGEJU,DUINEI,YAOFAHUIGUOYOUQIYEZAITUIDONGJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANHEBAOZHANGGAISHANMINSHENGFANGMIANDEJICHUZHICHENGZUOYONG,TONGGUOSHENHUAZISHENGAIGELAITUIDONGGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGE,TIGAOGUONEIJINGJIGONGJIZHILIANG,TIGAOGUONEIJINGJIDAXUNHUANZONGLIANG。TONGGUOBUDUANBAN、DUANZHANGBAN,BUDUANWAJUEQIANGUONEISHICHANGQIANNENG,WANSHANTISHENGGONGYINGLIAN、CHANYELIAN、JIAZHILIAN、CHUANGXINLIANSHUIPING,CUJINWOGUOJINGJICONGGAOSUZENGZHANGZHUANXIANGGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN。

DUIWAI,YAOJUJIAOPEIYUJUYOUQUANQIUJINGZHENGLIDESHIJIEYILIUQIYEFAZHANMUBIAO,TONGGUOGAIGEJIANLIXIANDAIQIYEZHIDU,TIGAOGUANLIYUJINGYINGXIAOLV,TIGAOQUANYAOSUSHENGCHANLV,ZENGQIANGGUOYOUQIYEDEQUANQIUZIYUANZHENGHENENGLIHEGONGYINGLIANGUANKONGNENGLI,TISHENGSHICHANGJIAZHI、和记国际备用域名DIWEIYUHUAYUQUAN,JIEQUANQIUCHANYELIANGEJUZHONGGOUZHIJI,DAZAOYIZHONGGUOWEIHEXINDE和记国际备用域名SHENGCHANGONGYINGTIXI,GOUJIAN“YIWOWEIZHU”DEQUYUHUAHEZUOXIN“LIANTIAO”,DATONG和记国际备用域名JINGJIXUNHUANDUDIAN、XIUBUDUANDIAN、TIANBUKONGBAIDIAN,RANGGUOWAICHANYEGENGJIAYILAIWOGUOGONGYINGLIANHECHANYELIAN,GENGJIAYILAIWOGUODEJUDAXIAOFEISHICHANG。

三、国有企业改革下一步要聚焦“五个着力”,支撑构建“双循环”新发展格局

GUOYOUQIYESHIGUOMINJINGJIDEZHIZHU,BIXUYAOJINGENGUONEIWAIXINGSHIBIANHUA,WEIRAOLUOSHIDANGZHONGYANGZHANLVEBUSHU,ZAIGAIGESHANGJIAKUAIBUFA,JIAKUAIPEIYUJUYOUQUANQIUJINGZHENGLIDESHIJIEYILIUQIYE,QUEBAOZAIGOUJIANXINFAZHANGEJUZHONGFAHUIGENGDAZUOYONG,BUDUANZENGQIANGGUOYOUJINGJIJINGZHENGLI、CHUANGXINLI、KONGZHILI、YINGXIANGLI、KANGFENGXIANNENGLI。JUTILAIJIANG,JIUSHIYAOZUODAO“WUGEZHELI”。

YISHIYIFUWUGUOJIAZHONGDAZHANLVEWEIYAOWU,ZHELIZUOHAOGUOYOUJINGJIBUJUYOUHUAYUJIEGOUDIAOZHENG。GUOYOUQIYEGAIGEYAOTUIDONGGUOYOUJINGJIJINYIBUXIANGTIGONGGONGGONGFUWU、ZHONGYAOQIANZHANXINGZHANLVEXINGCHANYE、SHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHU、KEJICHUANGXIN、BAOZHANGGUOJIAANQUANDENGGUANXIGUOJIAANQUAN、GUOMINJINGJIMINGMAIHEGUOJIMINSHENGDEZHONGYAOXINGYEHEGUANJIANLINGYUJIZHONG,GENGHAODIFUWUCHUANGXINXINGGUOJIAJIANSHE、ZHIZAOQIANGGUO、QUYUXIEDIAOFAZHAN、“YIDAIYILU”DENGGUOJIAZHONGDAZHANLVE。GUOYOUQIYEYAOSHIYINGGUOJIAFAZHANZHANLVE、KEJIJINBUHECHANYEBIANGE,JISHIDONGTAIDIAOZHENGGUOYOUZIBENBUJUFANGXIANG,GENGJIAJUJIAOSHITIJINGJI,ZUOQIANGZUOJINGZHUYE。

ERSHIYIGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGEWEIZHUXIAN,ZHELIDAZAOGAOZHILIANGGONGJITIXI。GUOYOUQIYEGAIGEYAOYUGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGEXIANGSHIYING,YIGENGJIASHICHANGHUADESHOUDUAN,GONGGU“SANQUYIJIANGYIBU”CHENGGUO。YAODIAOZHENGCHANYEBUJUFANGXIANG,JIAKUAIFAZHANXINYIDAIXINXIJISHU、SHENGWUYIYAO、XINNENGYUAN、XINCAILIAODENGZHANLVEXINGXINXINGCHANYEHEGAOXINJISHUCHANYE,PEIYUHEFAZHANXINDECHANYEJIQUN。JINYIBUQIANGHUAGUANJIANHEXINJISHUGONGGUANHEZIZHUKEKONG,BUQIZAICHANYELIANGONGYINGLIANZHONGDEQUESHIYUBORUOHUANJIE,TUIDONGGUOYOUQIYEXIANGGAODUANHUA、ZIZHUHUAMAIJIN,GENGHAOWEIHUCHANYELIANGONGYINGLIANANQUAN。TUIDONGPINPAIZHONGGUOJIANSHE,RANGGUOYOUQIYECHENGWEIZHONGGUOZHIZAO、ZHONGGUOCHUANGZAODEMINGPIAN,DAZAOGENGDUOXIANGYUSHIJIEDEYILIUZHONGGUOPINPAI,JIFAHESHIFANGGUONEIWAIXUQIU。

SANSHIYIKEJICHUANGXINWEIHEXINQUDONGLI,ZHELIBUDUANBANQIANGRUOXIANG。GUOYOUQIYESHICHUANGXINLIANTIAOZHONGDEGUANJIANHUANJIE,YAOYICHUANGXINCHUANGZAOXINGONGJICUISHENGXINXUQIU,TUIDONGTISHENGNEIXUNHUANDONGLIYUHUOLI。YAOFAHUIGUOYOUQIYEYOUQISHIZHONGYANGQIYEDEZHULIJUNZUOYONG,ZHONGDIANXIANGZHANLVEXING、QIANYANXING、CHUANGXINXINGCHANYEFANGXIANGBUJUFAZHAN,BUDUANJIAQIANGCHUANGXINTOURU、PEIYUCHUANGXINNENGLI、JIFACHUANGXINHUOLI、HUIJUCHUANGXINLILIANG、YINGZAOCHUANGXINFENWEI。TONGGUOTOUZIZHONGDAKEYANPINGTAI、CANYUZHONGDAJISHUGONGGUAN、TUIDONGKEJICHUANGXIN,TUIDONGTUPOYUANSHICHUANGXIN“0-1”DEKUAYUE,JIASUJISHUZHUANHUA“1-100”DEDIEDAISHENGJI、TUIDONGCHANYEHUAJINCHENG“100-100WAN”DEGUIMOHUAFAZHAN。

SISHIYITISHENGJINGYINGXIAOLVHEXIAOYIWEIMUBIAO,ZHELIWANSHANGUOYOUQIYEZHILI。YIHUNHESUOYOUZHIGAIGEWEIZHUASHOU,JUJIAO“WANSHANZHILI、QIANGHUAJILI、TUCHUZHUYE、TIGAOXIAOLV”ZONGTIYAOQIU,NULIJIANGDADUOSHUGUOYOUQIYEFAZHANCHENGWEICHANQUANDUOYUAN、QUANZEYIZHI、ZHILIYOUHUA、YUNZHUANGAOXIAODEHUNHESUOYOUZHIQIYE,JIANGGUOYOUQIYEDEKONGZHILIYINGXIANGLIHEMINYINGQIYEDEHUOLIYOUSHIJIEHEQILAI,YITUOSHICHANGJINGZHENGJIZHISHIXIANYOUSHENGLIETAI,BUDUANTISHENGJINGYINGXIAOLVHEXIAOYI,YISHICHANGHUAGAIGEQIANYINDAIDONGMINYINGQIYEGUIFANHUAFAZHAN,SHIXIAN“GUOMINGONGJIN”、GONGTONGFAZHAN。

WUSHIYIJIFANEISHENGDONGLIYUHUOLIWEIGUANJIANJUCUO,ZHELIYOUHUAJILIYUESHUJIZHI。JIANLIYUSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIYUANZEXIANGSHIYINGDEJILIYUESHUJIZHI,CHONGFENJIFARENDEJIJIXINGHECHUANGZAOLI,ZENGQIANGQIYEHUOLI。DUIYUQIYEYAOCAIQUFENLEIKAOHEHEZHANGZHOUQIKAOHEFANGSHI,TUCHUCHUANGXINDAOXIANG,SHISHIGENGJIALINGHUODEXINCHOUGUANLIZHIDU。

DUIYUQIYEJIAYAOJIANLIYOULIYUJIFAHEBAOHUQIYEJIAJINGSHEN、GENGHAOFAHUIGUOYOUQIYEJIAZUOYONGDEZHIDUHUANJING,JIANLIRONGCUOJIZHI,DAPOGUOQIFUZERENBUGANCHUANGXIN、BUYUANYICHUANGXINDEJIANGJU。DUIYUQIYEYUANGONGYAOCHONGFENLIYONGGUQUANCHUSHOU、GUPIAOQIQUAN、XIANGMUSHOUYIFENHONG、GANGWEIFENHONGDENGDUOZHONGJILIFANGSHI,CHONGFENDIAODONGRENDEJIJIXING。(ZHIZHIBANJIAN《ZHONGGUOTOUZI》11YUEHAO)




 
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