智库建议

许有志 李华 张萌 | 将数字经济作为畅通 “双循环”的重要抓手
发布日期:2020-10-29 作者:许有志 李华 张萌 信息来源:中咨智库 访问次数: 字号:[ ]

QIANSANJIDU,WOGUOGUOMINJINGJIYANXULEWENBUHUIFUDELIANGHAOTAISHI,DUOXIANGZENGZHANGZHIBIAO“YOUFUZHUANZHENG”。ZHEIZAICIBIAOMING,ZHONGGUOJINGJIJUYOUQIANGDARENXINGHEJUDAQIANLI。DANYEYAOKANDAO,DANGQIANGUONEIWAIHUANJINGYIRANCUOZONGFUZA,TUIDONGJINGJIHUIFUHEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANRENGMIANLINBUSHAOTIAOZHAN。GOUJIAN“YIGUONEIDAXUNHUANWEIZHUTI、GUONEI和记国际备用域名SHUANGXUNHUANXIANGHUCUJINDEXINFAZHANGEJU”SHIDANGZHONGYANGMIANDUIGUONEIWAIXINGSHIBIANHUASUOZUOCHUDEZHANLVEBUSHU,YESHIYINGDUIBAINIANWEIYOUZHIDABIANJUDEZHONGDAZHANLVEDIAOZHENG,GENGSHIGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGEDENEIZAIYAOQIU。ZAI“SHUANGXUNHUAN”DEFAZHANGEJUZHONG,SHUZIJINGJIKEYIFAHUIGENGJIAZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,BUJINNENGGOUWEIGUONEIDAXUNHUANCHUANGZAOCHANGTONGDONGLI,YENENGGOUTUIDONGGUONEI和记国际备用域名SHUANGXUNHUANYOUXIAODUIJIE。ZAIJINNIANDEXINGUANFEIYANYIQINGZHONG,SHUZIJINGJIGENGSHIWEIYOUXIAOFANGKONGHEJINGJIHUIFUZUOCHULEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN。

一、数字经济发挥三大作用助力畅通“双循环”

(YI)JINGZHUNDUIJIEGONGXU,TIGAOXUNHUANXIAOLV。ZAISHUZIJINGJIHUANJINGXIA,NENGGOUYUNYONGDASHUJU、YUNJISUAN、WULIANWANG、RENGONGZHINENGDENGXINXINGJISHU,DUIJINGJIYUNXINGSHUJUJINXINGFENXI,DIAOJIEGONGXULIANGDUANXINGCHENGGENGGAOSHUIPINGDEDONGTAIPINGHENG。SHENGCHANZHENENGGENGKUAISU、GENGQINGXIDILEJIEXIAOFEIZHEXUQIU,ZHIDINGYOUZHENDUIXINGDESHENGCHANJINGYINGCELVE;XIAOFEIZHENENGGENGGUANGFAN、GENGJINGZHUNDIZHAODAOZIJISUOXUYAODESHANGPIN。BIRU,YIXIEDIANSHANGPINGTAIGENJUHULIANWANGXIAOFEISHUJUZUOCHUYUPAN,KUAISUJINHUOXIAOSHOU,YIDANSHANGPINZAIXIAOSHOUDUANFANKUILIANGHAO,DIANSHANGPINGTAIKEDIAODONGGONGYINGLIANZUOCHUKUAISUFANYING,ANXUGONGHUO。

(ER)JIEZHUSHUZIJISHU,CHUANGZAOXINXINGYETAI。CICIYIQINGCUISHENGJUMINSHENGHUOXIAOFEIXIGUANCHUXIANJIAODAGAIBIAN,ZAIXIANBANGONG、ZAIXIANKETANG、ZAIXIANYILIAODENGXINXIAOFEIXUQIUSHIFANGJUDAQIANLI,CHENGWEISHUZIJINGJIXINDELIANGDIAN。ZAIYIQINGDEYINGXIANGXIA,XIANXIASHITILINGSHOUXINGYEZAOYUDAJI,“WUJIECHULINGSHOU”YINGLAIFAZHANQIJI,WURENCHAOSHI、WURENHUOJIADENGXINYETAIFENFENZHANLUTOUJIAO。XIAYIBU,SHUZIJINGJIJIANGJIXUXIANGXINLINGYUYANSHEN,YOUWANGZAIZHINENGJIAOTONG、ZHINENGJIAJU、ZHINENGCHUANDAIDENGLINGYUCHUANGZAOCHUXINDEXIAOFEIXINGTAI。

(SAN)JUHEGELEIYAOSU,TISHENGSHENGCHANXIAOLV。SHUZIJINGJIYUCHUANTONGCHANYELIANXIANGJIEHENENGGOUJUHEDUOZHONGSHENGCHANYAOSU,WEIGONGXUGEFANGTIGONGDUOZHONGLEIXINGDEJIAOHUJIHUI。CICIXINGUANFEIYANYIQINGQIJIAN,DANGYUANYOUDECHANYELIANDUANLIESHI,KEYIJIEZHUWANGLUOPINGTAIZAIGONGXUSHUANGFANGZHIJIANJINXINGPIPEI,XUNSUXUNZHAOTIDAIHUODIAOZHENGFANGAN,KUAISUBUQILIANTIAO,SHICHANYELIANFENGONGTIXIDEWENDINGXINGANQUANXINGDADATIGAO,YOUZHUYULIANJIEFENBUZAIGUONEIWAIGEDIDEZHONGDUOCHANYEJIQUN,TUIDONGXINGCHENGGENGJIAWENGUDEGUONEI和记国际备用域名SHUANGXUNHUANGEJU。

二、进一步发挥好数字经济作用需加强三方面举措

(YI)RUANYINGJIANFANGMIAN,JINYIBUJIAQIANGXINXINGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE。XINXINGJICHUSHESHIJISHISHUZIJINGJIFAZHANDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,YESHISHUZIJINGJIDEFAZHANGENJI。YAOJINYIBUJIAKUAITUIJINSHIYINGSHUZIJINGJIFAZHANDEXINJIJIAN,JIADA5GWANGLUO、DASHUJUZHONGXIN、GONGYEHULIANWANG、WULIANWANGDENGXINXINGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE,CHUANGXINXINJIJIANTOURONGZIMOSHI,TIGAOGENGDUOCHUANTONGXINGYEHESHUZIJINGJIDERONGHECHENGDU。TONGSHI,JIAQIANGXINXINGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEBENSHENYEJIANGDAILAIJUDATOUZIXUQIU。CIWAI,YEYAOJIAQIANGDASHUJU、RENGONGZHINENGDENGLINGYUHEXINSUANFADEZIZHUYANFALIDU,BIMIANRUANJIANHUANJIESHOUZHIYUREN。

(ER)YINGSHANGHUANJINGFANGMIAN,JINYIBUJIAQIANGXINGYECHENGXINTIXIJIANSHE。JINNIANLAI,GUONEIYIXIEZHIMINGDIANSHANGPINGTAIYOUYUJIANGUANBULI,DAOZHIBULIANGSHANGJIATONGGUOSHOUMAIJIAMAOWEILIESHANGPINSUNHAIXIAOFEIZHELIYI。HAIYOUYIXIEQIYEJIEZHUDASHUJUZHANGWOYONGHUXIAOFEIXIGUANJINXINGDINGZHIYINGXIAO,CHUXIANJIAGEQISHIDENGSHEXIANLONGDUANXINGWEI,SHENZHICHUXIANLEGAOJIHUIYUANGOUMAISHANGPINBIPUTONGHUIYUANHAIYAOGUIDEQINGKUANG。YAOJIANGXINGZHENGJIANGUAN、XINGYEGUANLI、SHEHUIJIANDUXIANGJIEHE,GOUJIANDUOCENGMIAN、GUANGFUGAIDEJIANDUTIXI。ZHENDUISHIXINYIFADUOFALINGYU,TISHENGCHENGXINJIANGUANXIAONENG,JIAQIANGCHENGJIECUOSHIBINGXINGCHENGYIZHENGTAOZHIDUANPAI。

(SAN)YAOSUFANGMIAN,JINYIBUJIAQIANGSHUJUDELIUTONGHESHIYONG。SHUJUYAOSUSHISHUZIJINGJIFAZHANZHUANGDADEWEIGUANJICHU。JINNIANFABUDE《GUANYUGOUJIANGENGJIAWANSHANDEYAOSUSHICHANGHUAPEIZHITIZHIJIZHIDEYIJIAN》SHOUCIJIANG“SHUJU”YUTUDI、LAODONGLI、ZIBEN、JISHUDENGCHUANTONGYAOSUBINGLIE。TONGGUOCUJINSHUJUYAOSUDELIUTONGLAIZHICHI“SHUANGXUNHUAN”XINFAZHANGEJU,JUYOUGUANGKUODEFAZHANKONGJIAN。XIAYIBU,YAOJIAKUAIPEIYUSHUJUJIAOYISHICHANG,QUANMIANTISHENGSHUJUYAOSUJIAZHI,JIAQIANGSHUJUZIYUANZHENGHE,TUIJINZHENGFUSHUJUKAIFANGGONGXIANG。

三、重点关注垄断、税务、法律方面存在的三大风险

(YI)LONGDUANFENGXIAN。“YINGZHETONGCHI”SHIQUANQIUSHUZIJINGJIXINGYEDEPUBIANTEZHENG,SHUZIQIYEJIEZHUJISHUMENJIANRONGYIXINGCHENGYONGHUGAODUJIZHONGDESHICHANGGEJU,YIBANZHUBUYANHUAWEIYIJIAHUOSHAOSHUJIJIAJUTOU,ZAIWOGUOTONGYANGRUCI。MUQIAN,GUONEISHUZIJINGJILINGYUYIJINGJINRUALIBABAHETENGXUN“LIANGQIANGZHENGBA”SHIDAI。2019NIANDIWOGUOJINGNEIWAIHULIANWANGSHANGSHIQIYEZONGSHUWEI135JIA,ZONGSHIZHIWEI11.12WANYIRENMINBI,ALIBABAHETENGXUNLIANGJIASHIZHIZHIHEJIEJIN7WANYIRENMINBI,ZHANBICHAOGUO60%。SHUZIJUTOUXINGCHENGLONGDUANHUIZUAIZHONGXIAOQIYEFAZHAN,YIZHIJINGJICHUANGXINHUOLI,ZUSAIJINGJIXUNHUANDE“MAOXIXUEGUAN”,DAOZHIYIZHONGXIAOQIYEWEIDAIBIAODECHUANGXINLILIANGCHANGCHANGBEIESHAYUYAOLANZHIZHONG。XIFANGGUOJIAGAODUZHONGSHIFANLONGDUANGONGZUO,JINQIMEIGUOSIFABUZHENGDUIGUGEKAIZHANERSHINIANLAIZUIDADEFANLONGDUANDIAOCHA。

(ER)SHUIWUFENGXIAN。JINNIANLAI,OUZHOUDUOGUOYUNNIANGZHENDUIMEISHUZIJUTOUKAIZHENG“SHUZISHUI”,“SHUZISHUI”BEIHOUSHIQUANQIUSHUZIJINGJIZHILIQUANDEZHENGDUO。YIFAGUOWEIDAIBIAODEOUZHOUGUOJIAZHIYICHUTAI“SHUZISHUI”,JISHIWEILEWEIHUYANQIANLIYI,YEYIZAIZHUDAOQUANQIUSHUZIJINGJIGUIZEZHIDING。CONGZHEIGEJIAODUKAN,MEIOUZAI“SHUZISHUI”WENTISHANGDEBOYIBUKEBIMIAN。WOYISHISHUZIJINGJIDAGUO,MEIOUZHENGDUANYINQIDE和记国际备用域名SHUIZHIBIANHUAYEBIRANYINGXIANGDAOWOSHUZIJINGJIFAZHANHUANJINGHEQIYE和记国际备用域名JINGZHENGLI。WOYINGJIAQIANG和记国际备用域名GOUTONGJIAOLIU,TONGGUOG20、OECDDENG和记国际备用域名ZUZHIKAIZHANDUOBIAN、SHUANGBIANDUIHUA,JIJIYINGZAOGONGPINGWENDINGDE和记国际备用域名SHUIZHIHUANJING,BIMIANXIANYUBEIDONG。

(SAN)FALVFENGXIAN。SHUZIJINGJIYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONG,CHUXIANLEYIXIEGUANYUSHUJUANQUAN、SHUJUSUOYOUQUANDENGFANGMIANDEWENTIYUZHENGDUAN。XUJIAKUAIYANJIUZHIDINGYUSHUJUANQUAN、SHUJUSUOYOUQUANDENGXIANGGUANDEFALVFAGUI,TANSUOJIANLITONGYIGUIFANDESHUJUZHILIJIZHI,JINYIBUQIANGHUASHUJUYINSIBAOHUZHIDU、ANQUANSHENCHAZHIDU,BAOZHANGQIYESHUJU、SHANGYEMIMI、GERENYINSIDENGHEFAQUANYIBUSHOUQINFAN。YOUQIYAOBAOZHANGGONGYEHULIANWANG、WULIANWANG、DASHUJUDENGLINGYUDESHUJUANQUAN,WEIFANRONGZHUANGDAWOGUOSHUZIJINGJIBAOJIAHUHANG。

四、数字经济实现高质量发展还需跨越“数字鸿沟”

SHOUDIQUFAZHANSHUIPING、JIAOYUFADACHENGDU、XINXIJICHUSHESHIDENGYINSUYINGXIANG,BUTONGQUYU、BUTONGSHEHUIQUNTIZAIXINXIDEZHANGWO、YONGYOUHESHIYONGNENGLIFANGMIANCHAYIJIAODA,ZHUBUCHUXIANLE“SHUZIHONGGOU”XIANXIANG,YOUQIZAIYIQINGQIJIANZHEIYIXIANXIANGDEDAOFANGDA。ZAIQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUI、MAIXIANGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDEGUANJIANSHIQI,RUORENYOU“SHUZIHONGGOU”CHIXUKUODA,JIANGHUIJIAJUFAZHANDEBUCHONGFENYUBUJUNHENG。XUGUANZHURUOSHIQUNTIDEJIERUHESHIYONGDENGGUANJIANXINGWENTI,RANGSHUZIJINGJIZUIDACHENGDUDIHUIJISHEHUIDAZHONG。

(YI)TISHENGLAONIANREN、CANJIRENHEDISHOURUQUNTISHUZIJINENG。YUNYONGSHUZIJISHUDESUZHIHENENGLICHAYI,ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGJUEDINGLESHUZIHONGGOUDEKUANDUHESHENDU。DUILAONIANREN、CANJIRENDENGQUEFANENGLIDEQUNTI,TONGGUOJIATING、QINYOUJISHEQUHUZHU,JIAQIANGGELEIXINXIFUWUPUHUI;DUIYOUNENGLIDEDISHOURUQUNTI,JIADASHUZIJINENGJIAOYUPEIXUN,TONGGUODUANQIJINENGPEIXUNHEZHANGQIDEJIAOYUFAZHAN,CHIXUTISHENGSHUZIJINENGHEHULIANWANGSHIYONGNENGLI。

(ER)YOUZHENDUIXINGDIKAIZHANSHUZIYUANZHU。QUANMIANLEJIEBUTONG“SHUZIRUOSHIQUNTI”DEXUQIU,JIAQIANGZHENDUIXINGYUANZHU。YISHIDUIYUWANGLUODINGPIAO、WANGLUOGUAHAOZHILEIDEGONGGONGFUWUXUQIUSHEJIHAOPEITAOCUOSHI,RANGRUOSHIQUNTIYENENGFANGBIANDIXIANGSHOUGONGGONGFUWU。ERSHISHELIJICENGFUWUZHANDIAN,WEIRUOSHIQUNTISHIYONGJISUANJIHEHULIANWANGCHUANGZAOTIAOJIAN。SANSHIZHENDUIBUTONGQUNTIFENLEISHISHIJIANGFEICELVE,RANGRUOSHIQUNTI、PINKUNRENKOUXIANGSHOUGENGDAYOUHUI。

(SAN)JIAQIANGGELEIGONGGONGFUWUHESHUZIYINGYONGDEWUZHANGAIFUWUNENGLI。JIANQUANXINXIWUZHANGAIBIAOZHUN,TISHENGGELEIGONGGONGFUWUWANGZHANDEWUZHANGAIFUWUNENGLI。YINDAOQIYELIYONGSHUZIJISHUQIANGHUAZAISHANGYEJIAOYI、XIAOFEIFUWU、SHUZIZHIFU、SHEQUZHILIDENGFANGMIANDEYINGYONGCHUANGXIN,ZHONGDIANJIAQIANGZHENDUITESHUQUNTIDEGONGJICECHUANGXIN,RUZHENDUISHAOSHUMINZUDEDUOYUYANNEIRONGFUWU、ZHENDUINONGCUNRENKOUDESHUZIJINGJIFUWUDENG。

(SI)KAIZHANNONGCUNDIANSHANG、YUANCHENGJIAOYU、YUANCHENGYILIAOZHUANXIANGXINGDONG。GULITAOBAO、JINGDONG、PINDUODUODENGZHIMINGDIANSHANGPINGTAIJINYIBUXIACHENXIANGCUNSHICHANG,WEIGUANGDANONGCUNQUNZHONGTIGONGYOUZHISHANGPINHESHENGCHANSHENGHUOWUZI;SHENRUTUIDONGXIANGCUNJIAOYUXINXIHUA,SHIXIANXIANGCUNXUEXIAOKUANDAIWANGLUOQUANFUGAI,TONGGUOYUANCHENGJIAOYUTUIDONGCHENGSHIYOUZHIJIAOYUZIYUANYUXIANGCUNZHONGXIAOXUEDUIJIE;ZHICHIXIANGZHENHECUNJIYILIAOJIGOUTIGAOXINXIHUASHUIPING,YINDAOZHIMINGYILIAOJIGOUXIANGNONGCUNYILIAOWEISHENGJIGOUTIGONGYUANCHENGYILIAO、YUANCHENGJIAOXUE、YUANCHENGPEIXUNDENGFUWU。

ZONGDELAIKAN,SHUZIJINGJINENGGOUJIEJUEHAOJINGJIXUNHUANZHONGGONGJIYUXUQIUPIPEIWENTI,NENGGOUTUIDONGGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGE、ZHUANGDAXIANDAIJINGJITIXI、TIGAOZIYUANPEIZHIXIAOLV、TIGAOQUANYAOSUSHENGCHANLV、CONGERBUDUANKUODAGUONEIXUNHUAN、CUJIN和记国际备用域名XUNHUAN。“SHISIWU”SHIQI,WOGUOYINGJIXUZAISHUZIJINGJISHANGQUANMIANFALI,DATONGGUANJIANHUANJIE、XIAOCHUQIANZAIFENGXIAN、KUAYUESHUZIHONGGOU,JIANGQIPEIYUCHENGWEIXIANDAIJINGJITIXIDEZHONGYAOZHIZHU。(ZHIZHIBANJIAN《ZHONGGUOTOUZI》11YUEHAO)




 
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