中咨视界

周东凯 | 对海水养殖园区开展全过程咨询的探讨
发布日期:2020-10-16 作者:周东凯 信息来源:中咨研究 访问次数: 字号:[ ]

HAIXIANBEISHOUXIAOFEIZHEQINGLAI,HAIYANGYULEIZIYUANSHOUQIXIDITUIHUA、QIHOUBIANHUAJIGUODUBULAOWEIXIE,YESHENGYUYEBUKECHIXU,HAISHUICHANYANGZHIYOUQIANLITIANBUGONGXUQUEKOU,TANTUYANGZHI、JINHAIYANGZHI、HAIYANGMUCHANG、SHENYUANHAIYANGZHIDENGRIYIFAZHANZHUANGDA。YANHAISHENGFENSHISHIHAILUTONGCHOUFAZHANZHANLVE,TUIJINHAISHUIYANGZHIYEXIANGLVSESHENGTAIYANGZHIZHUANXING,XINGCHENGLE“CHITANGYANGZHIXIANGGONGCHANGHUAYANGZHISHENGJI”“LUJIYUMIAO+YUANHAICHENGPINGUIMOHUAYANGZHI”DEFAZHANQUSHI,YIGONGYEHUA、GONGCHANGHUA、YUANQUHUASHOUDUANFAZHANHAISHUIYANGZHIYE,ZAI“SHISIWU”QIJIANJIANGYINGLAIDAFAZHAN,YINCI,GUIHUAJIANSHEHAISHUIYANGZHIYUANQU,ZHENGCHENGWEIXINGYEZHONGYAOGUANZHUDIAN。BENWENYILUJIHAISHUIYANGZHIYUANQUWEIANLI,TANTAOQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNZAIXIANGMUSHIJIANZHONGDEYINGYONG,ZHIZAIXINGCHENGKEFUZHI、KETUIGUANGDEQUANGUOCHENGXIANGMUGUANLIJINGYAN。

一、传统海水养殖面临困境

HAISHUIYANGZHIJUYOUGENGGAODEJINGJIXIAOYI,JINNIANLAI,HAISHUIYANGZHICHENGXIANBAOFASHIZENGZHANG,YANHAITIAOJIANYOUYUEDEDIQU“YIDINANQIU”。《ZHONGGUOYUYETONGJINIANJIAN(2020)》XIANSHI,2019NIAN,HAISHUIYANGZHIYUDANSHUIYANGZHIDEMIANJIBILIWEI28.0:72.0、CHANZHIBILIWEI46.4:53.6,QUANGUOHAISHUICHITANGYANGZHIMIANJIDA37.6WANGONGQING。DANCHUANTONGCHITANGYANGZHIFANGSHINANYIWEIJI,ZHUYAOYUANYINYOUJIGEFANGMIAN:

YISHIYANGZHIHAISHUISHUIZHIXIAJIANG。CHUANTONGCHITANGYANGZHIFANGSHIZHUYAOSHIGAOWEICHI、DIWEICHI,JIBENMEIYOUWEISHUICHULIHUANJIE,DADUOZHIJIEPAIHAI,ERHAISHUIQUSHUIDIHEWEISHUIPAIFANGDICHUYUTONGYIQUYU,DAOZHIYANGZHISHUIZHIXIAJIANG,BINGHAIPINFA,ZHONGZHITUIHUAYANZHONG,CHENGWEIZHIYUECHANYEFAZHANDEZHONGYAOPINGJING。

ERSHIDIYUZIRANZAIHAINENGLIRUO。HAISHUICHITANGYANGZHIDUOCHUYUHAIANXIANXIANGHAIYICE,MIANLINTAIFENG、FENGBAOCHAODENGQIXIANGZAIHAIWEIXIE,KAOTIANCHIFANJINGCHANG“KELIWUSHOU”。

SANSHIYANGZHITUICHUZHENGCEGENGJIAYANGE。YANGZHIWEISHUIJINANPAIFANGDAOZHIHAIANQINSHIJIAJU,HAIANDAISHENGTAIHUANJINGHESHENGWUDUOYANGXINGZAODAOPOHUAI,ZHONGYANGHUANBAODUCHA、HAIYANGHUANBAODUCHALIDUJIADA,YANHAISHENGFENJUNCHUTAILEYANGZHISHUIYUTANTUGUIHUA,KUODALEJINYANGQU、XIANYANGQUFANWEI,YANGZHIQUMIANJISHOUDAOYAJIAN,BINGQIANGZHIXINGTUIXINGSHENGTAIHONGXIANQUNEIYANGZHITUITANG。

SISHIBINHAILVYOUSHOUDAOJIYA。ZAIHAISHUIYANGZHIJIZHONGQU,QUSHUIPAISHUIGUANXIANHEQUSHUIJINGBIANBUSHATAN,JIANGDILEHAIANDAIZHENGTIJINGGUANJIAZHI,BINHAILVYOUYETAIWUFAKAIZHAN,FANDUISHENGYINZENGDUO。YINCI,ZAICHANYEZISHENZHUANXINGSHENGJI、SHENGTAIBAOHU、HUANJINGWURANZHENGZHIDENGDUOZHONGYALIXIA,TUITANGRUYUAN、FAZHANGONGCHANGHUAYANGZHI,CHENGWEILUJIHAISHUIYANGZHIDEZHUYAOCHULU。

传统养殖池塘

二、海水养殖工厂优势明显

SUIZHEGONGYEFAZHANLINIANHEJISHUSHOUDUANBUDUANXIANGSHUICHANYANGZHILINGYUSHENTOU,GONGCHANGHUAXUNHUANSHUIYANGZHIJISHUZHUBUCHENGSHU,YANGZHIYEXIANGGONGCHENGHUA、SHESHIHUA、GUIMOHUA、BIAOZHUNHUAHEXINXIHUAFANGXIANGJIASUZHUANXING。2019NIAN,QUANGUOHAISHUIGONGCHANGHUAYANGZHIMIANJIDADAO3515WANLIFANGMI,TONGBIZENGZHANG4.2%。YUCHITANGYANGZHIXIANGBI,GONGCHANGHUAYANGZHIJUYOUDUOFANGMIANDEYOUSHI:

YISHIYANGZHICHANLIANGGAO。YANGZHICHANGFANGTONGCHANGANZHUANGZENGYANGSHEBEI、ZIDONGHUATOUWEISHEBEI、FENBIANGUOLVSHEBEI、XIAODUSHAJUNSHEBEI,YIHUODEGENGGAODEYANGZHIMIDUHEGENGWENDINGDEYANGZHIHUANJING。2019NIAN,QUANGUOGONGCHANGHUAYANGZHIDANCHANPINGJUNWEI7.85GONGJIN/LIFANGMI,ERCHITANGYANGZHIDANCHANPINGJUNWEI0.67GONGJIN/PINGFANGMI。

ERSHIYANGZHICHANZHIGAO。YANGZHICHANGFANGNEI,DUIFENGLI、GUANGZHAO、SHUIWEN、SHUIZHIDOUNENGCAIQUKONGZHICUOSHI,ZAIRENGONGKEKONGDETIAOJIANXIA,KEFAZHANGAOFUJIAZHIPINZHONG,HAIKEZAIYOUXIANKONGJIANNEISHIXIANDUOPINZHONGYANGZHI。LIYONGCHANGFANGYUMIAO,DANWEIMIANJIYUMIAOCHANZHITONGCHANGWEICHENGPINYANGZHIDESHIJIBEIDAOJISHIBEI。

SANSHIKANGFENGXIANNENGLIQIANG。YANGZHICHIBEIFENGEWEIJISHIPINGFANGMIDEXIAODANYUAN,YANGZHIZUOYERONGYICAOZUO,YIBINGFANGKONGGENGJIAYOUXIAO,TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,GONGCHANGHUAYANGZHIDECHENGHUOLVGENGGAO、YANGZHIMIDUGENGGAO、FABINGLVGENGDI、SHENGZHANGSUDUGENGKUAI、SHUIZHIGENGJIANKANG、XIANGDUICHENGBENGENGDI。

SISHIWURANWUPAIFANGKEKONG。WEIQIANGHUAYANGZHIWEISHUIYUANTOUJIANPAI、GUOCHENGJIANPAIHEMODUANZHILI,TONGCHANGZAIYANGZHISHESHINEISHEZHISHALV、WEILV、JIAYAQIFUFENLI、WEISHENGWUDIAOSHUI、YUZAOGONGSHENGXITONGDENG,SIWEISILIAOHOU,DIYISHIJIANFENLICANERFENBIAN,WEISHUIWURANWUNONGDUDI,XUNHUANSHUIYANGZHIDEWEISHUIPAIFANGLIANGKEKONGZHIZAIYONGSHUILIANGDE5%-10%。

工厂化水产养殖厂房

三、海水养殖园区功能设置

YUANQUHUASHICHANYEJIJUDAOYIDINGJIEDUANDEBIRANCHANWU,HAISHUIYANGZHIYUANQUYIPEIYUCHANYEJIQUNWEIMUBIAO,LIZUXINGCHENG“FANYUTUI”YITIHUACHANYETIXI,GOUJIANDECHANYELIANWEI:SILIAO-YAOWU-YUMIAOYUZHONG-FUHUAFANYU-CHENGPINYANGZHI-JIAGONG-CANGCHU-CHANPINBAOZHUANG-LENGLIANWULIU-ZHONGDUANXIAOSHOU。ZONGHEXINGHAISHUIYANGZHIYUANQUKEHUAFENWEIHAIYANGYINSHUIHEHAISHUIYUCHULIQU、YUZHONGYUMIAOQU、CHENGPINYANGZHIQU、KEYANHEFANGYIQU、CHUJIAGONGHELENGLIANWULIUQU、YANGZHIWEISHUIJINGHUAQU、BINHAIXIUXIANYUYEQUDENG。

YUZHONGYUMIAOQU。MIAOZHONGSHISHUICHANYANGZHIDEGUANJIAN,YESHIFUJIAZHIZUIGAODEHUANJIE,SHICHANGZAISHOUDEYOUJINKOUMIAO、BENTUMIAO、RENGONGMIAO(TONGGUOYUANYUANZAJIAOJISHU、XIBAOGONGCHENGJISHU、JIYINJISHUGAILIANG),YANGZHIPINZHONGDESHENGZHANG、PINZHI、KANGBING、KANGNIDENGXINGZHUANGYIJIYICHUANDUOYANGXINGDENGYIZHISHIYEJIEGUANZHUDEZHONGDIAN。YIXIEHAISHUIZHONGMIAOZAIDANSHUIZHONGXUNHUAHOU,KESHIYINGDANSHUISHENGZHANGHUANJING,TIGAOLEHAISHUIZHONGMIAODESHICHANGXIAOSHOUKONGJIAN。KUXIANSHUIFENGFUDENEILUDIQU,LIYONGRENGONGYANDIAOJIESHUITIYANDU,FAZHANHAICHANPINYANGZHICHENGWEIXINQUSHI。WOGUOSHUICHANYEZHONGMIAOXUQIULIANGDA,YIDAIZHONGMIAOYILAIJINKOU,PINZHONGQUAN、DINGJIAQUANJIDAIPEIYU。

CHENGPINYANGZHIQU。GUONEIWAIYUANQUKAIZHANDANYIPINZHONGYANGZHIDEJUDUO,DUIYUMIAOQUHEYANGCHENGQUJINXINGWULIFENGE,BIMIANBINGHAIJIAOCHACHUANRAN。FAZHANDUOPINZHONGYANGZHIDEYUANQU,ANSHIWULIANSHANGXIAYOUGUANXI,DUIYU、XIA、XIE、BEI、ZAODENGHUAFENDANDUYANGZHIQUYU,SHIXIANYANGZHISHUITIDETIJILIYONG,YANGZHIHUYEKEZAITONGYICHANGFANGNEIFAZHANYUZAOGONGSHENGHUNHEYANGZHI,ZAOLEIZUOWEISHENGWUERLIAO。HAISHUIYANGZHIQUYUXUPEIZHIDANSHUIGONGYINGXITONG、SHENGHUOWUSHUICHULISHESHI。YUANQUJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEXUYICIXINGTOURUDALIANGZIJIN,DANGEYANGZHIHUHEHEZUOSHENANYICHENGSHOU,YIBANYOUZHENGFUTONGYIGUIHUAJIANSHEGONGSHUIXITONG、PAISHUIXITONGHEYANGZHIWEISHUICHULIXITONG,TONGYIJIANSHEDAOLUJIAOTONGXITONG,YANGZHICHANGFANGYOUYANGZHIHUZIXINGJIANSHEHUOZHEYUANQUTONGYIJIANSHEZUJIYANGZHIHUSHIYONG。

CHANYEPEITAOQU。QIANMUYISHANGDEZONGHEXINGYANGZHIYUANQU,KEPEITAOSILIAOGONGYING、YUYAOGONGYING、SHUICHANPINJIAOYI、SHUICHANPINLENGLIANWULIU、SHUICHANPINZHILIANGJIANCE、SHUICHANPINYIBINGFANGKONGGELI、SHUICHANJISHUPEIXUN、HUIYIHUIZHANDENGGONGNENG,TIAOJIANHAODEYUANQUKEJIANSHEZHIHUIYUYEXINXIZHONGXIN、SHUICHANPINKEPUBIAOBENGUAN、KEJIQIYEFUHUAQI。ZHENGFUCAIQUJILICUOSHI,ZHICHIKEYANYUANSUO、SHUICHANJISHUTUIGUANGZHAN、SHUISHENGDONGWUYIBINGYUFANGKONGZHIZHONGXINDENGJIGOUJINZHUYUANQU。XIYINSHEHUIZIBENJIANSHEBINGUANJIUDIAN、MEISHIYITIAOJIE,JICHENGBINGTUIGUANGYINGYONGTAIYANGNENGHAISHUIDANHUA、HAISHUIZHILENGKONGDIAOXITONG、GUANGFUWUDING、GUANGREJIANZHUYITIHUADENGXINJISHU。

SHUICHANPINJIAGONGQU。ZHUYAOYONGYUFAZHANHUOTICHUCUNYUNSHUHECHUJIAGONGCHANPINLENGLIANWULIU。RUFAZHANJINGSHENJIAGONG,XUANCHUKOUCHANPINYAOQIUHEGUOJIAXIANGGUANGUIDING,JIANSHEBIAOZHUNHUADEJIAGONGCHEJIAN。YUANQUKEGUIHUAGONGYEYONGDI,ZHICHIQIYELIYONGSHUICHANPINYUANLIAOJINXINGSHENDUKAIFA,SHENGCHANGONGNENGXINGSHIPIN、MEIRONGBAOJIANPINDENG,KAIZHANYUTOU、YUGU、XIAPIDENGSHUICHANFEIQIFUCHANWUZIYUANHUALIYONG。

YANGZHIWEISHUIJINGHUAQU。LIYONGYUANQUDEGONGGONGPAISHUIGOU、RENGONGSHIDI,ZHONGZHIDAXINGZAOLEI、DIBOZENGZHIBEILEI、MIZHIRENGONGSHENGTAICAOGUOLVCAILIAO,QUCHU“YANGZHIFEISHUI”ZHONGDETANDANLINWUZHI;ZAIYUANQUPAISHUIGANQUMODUAN,JIANSHEDAXINGRENGONGSHIDI,QIANGHUASHENGTAIXITONGXIETONGQUWUGONGNENG,SHEZHISHUIXUNHUANXITONG,YANZHANGSHUILITINGLIUSHIJIAN,TISHENGCHULIXIAOGUO。TIAOJIANSHIYISHI,WEITUOHUANBAOFUWUGONGSIZUOWEI“HUANBAOGUANJIA”,FUZEWEISHUICHULIDABIAOPAIFANG。

BINHAIXIUXIANYUYEQU。YUANQUYEZHUKEYILIYONGBINHAIZIYUAN,ZAIJINHAIQUYUFAZHANDIBOZENGZHI、RENGONGYUJIAO、HAIYANGMUCHANG,JIANGZIRANFENGGUANGLVYOUHEHAIXIANMEISHILVYOUJINMIJIEHE,FAZHANGANHAILVYOU、HAISHANGCHUIDIAO、YOUTINGFANBAN、HAIYANGZHUTIYINGSHI、HAIDIGUANGUANGJIUDIAN、HAISHANGZHANGPENGJIUDIANDENGXINYETAI,DAZAOMEILIYUCUN、YUYEXIAOZHEN、YUYEZONGHETI、YUYECHANYEQIANGZHEN。

四、全过程咨询的主要内容

GUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEI、ZHUFANGCHENGXIANGJIANSHEBULIANHEYINFA《GUANYUTUIJINQUANGUOCHENGGONGCHENGZIXUNFUWUFAZHANDEZHIDAOYIJIAN》(FAGAITOUZIGUI〔2019〕515HAO)ZHICHU,ZHONGDIANFAZHANTOUZIJUECEZONGHEXINGZIXUNHEGONGCHENGJIANSHEQUANGUOCHENGZIXUN,WEIGUDINGZICHANTOUZIJIGONGCHENGJIANSHEHUODONGTIGONGGAOZHILIANGZHILIJISHUFUWU。MUQIAN,HAISHUIYANGZHIYUANQUJIANSHECHENGWEIYENEIGUANZHUJIAODIAN,HAISHUIYANGZHIYUANQUGONGCHENGJIANSHESHEJIHAIYUHELUYU,SHIGONGQUYUSHENGTAIHONGXIANMIJI,GONGCHENGJIANSHETIAOJIANFUZA,LUNZHENGSHENPIHUANJIEDUO,XIANGMUQIANQIGONGZUOYULUYUCHANYEYUANQUJIANSHEXIANGBI,NANDUGENGDA,TIAOZHANXINGGENGGAO。HAISHUIYANGZHIYUANQUJIANSHEGUOCHENGZHONG,YUANQUYEZHUDANWEIXUQUEDINGQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNQIANTOUREN,XIEDIAOSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHU、HAIYANGGONGCHENGZIXUN、DIZHIKANCHA、SHIZHENGGUIHUA、JIANZHUSHEJI、GONGCHENGJIANLI、GONGCHENGGUANLI、GONGCHENGZAOJIADENGDUOGELINGYUDEZHUANYEZIXUNJIGOU,GONGTONGZUJIANQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNLIANHETI,KAIZHANKUAJIEDUAN、JICHENGHUA、YITIHUADEQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNFUWU。

DIYIJIEDUAN,YUANQUNIXUANZHI。YUANQUYEZHUYAOTONGCHOUKAOLVLUYUYONGDIXINGZHIHEHAIYUGONGNENGQUBUJU,YIJUGUOMINJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANGUIHUA、YUYECHANYEGUIHUA、GUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAHEZHUTIGONGNENGQUGUIHUADENGSHANGWEIGUIHUA,YIJIHAIANDAIHEHAIYANGBAOHUYUKAIFAXIANGGUANZHENGCEFAGUIWENJIAN,HUADINGYUANQUBIANJIE。YUANQUXUANZHITONGCHANGSHEJIDEMINGANQUYOU:JIBENNONGTIANBAOHUQU、ZIRANCUNLUO、RUHAIHELIU、FANGHONGXIEHONGQU、YANHAIFANGHULIN、HONGSHULINZIRANBAOHUQU、BINHAISHIDI、FENGBAOCHAOYANMEIQU、SHANHUJIAOBAOHUQU、HAICAOCHUANGBAOHUQU、GANGKOUMATOU、HAIDIDIANLAN、DAOLUJIAOTONGBIRANGQUDENG。ZAIHESHIZUOBIAODIANDEJICHUSHANG,GOULECHUYUANQUNIJIANFANWEI。HAIYANGYINSHUIGUANXIANLUYOUHEWEISHUIYUANHAIPAIFANGGUANXIANBUZHISHIZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG,XUYAOXIANGXITAKAN,CHULEBIRANGSHENGTAIHONGXIANQUYIWAI,HAIYAOKAOLVHAIYANGSHUIWENTIAOJIAN、HAIYANGDIZHITIAOJIAN,CHONGFENLUNZHENGGONGCHENGJISHUKEXINGXINGHEJINGJIKEXINGXING。CIJIEDUAN,YUANQUYEZHUKEQUEDINGQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNQIANTOUREN,WEITUOQIANTOURENZHESHOUZUJIANQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNLIANHETI。

DIERJIEDUAN,XUANZHILUNZHENG。ZHENDUIYUANQUNIJIANFANWEIHEPILINQUYU,JUSHIKAIZHANQUYULUNZHENGPINGJIAGONGZUO,ZHUYAOSHEJI:HAILUSHENGWUDUOYANGXINGBENDIDIAOCHA、HUANJINGWURANXIANZHUANGBENDIDIAOCHA、QUSHUIQUYUHAISHUISHUIZHIDIAOCHA、CHAOXISHUIWENHAIDIDIZHIJIEGOUDIAOCHA、DIANLIHEDANSHUIGONGYINGTIAOJIANDIAOCHA、YAFUKUANGCHANZIYUANDIAOCHA、ZIYUANHUANJINGCHENGZAINENGLIHEGUOTUKONGJIANKAIFASHIYIXINGPINGJIA、LUYUHUANJINGYINGXIANGPINGJIA、HAIYANGHUANJINGYINGXIANGPINGJIA、XIHUHEHAIANDAISHENGTAIHUANJINGCHENGZAILIPINGJIA、HAIYUSHIYONGLUNZHENG、SHUIZIYUANLUNZHENG、FANGHONGPAILAONENGLIPINGJIA、DIZHENANQUANXINGPINGJIA、DIZHIZAIHAIPINGJIA、JIENENGPINGJIA、HAIYANGHELUDICHUBUDIZHIKANCHADENG。CIJIEDUAN,YOUYUGEZHONGZIXUNCHENGGUOCUNZAIBIANJIEJIAOCHA、HUWEIZHICHENG、DANYICHENGGUOLUNJUBUZUDENGWENTI,WEIBIMIANZHONGFULAODONGHEGONGZUOYILOU,JINGZHUNJIEJUEXIANSHIWENTI,YUANQUYEZHUKEWEITUOQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNQIANTOUREN,TONGCHOUXIANGGUANZHUANYEZIXUNDANWEIKAIZHANGONGZUO,TIGAOQIANQILUNZHENGGONGZUOXIAOLV。

DISANJIEDUAN,YUANQUCEHUA。CIJIEDUAN,ZHUYAOKAIZHANYUANQUCHANYEGUIHUA、KONGJIANGAINIANGUIHUA、WAIJIEJIAOTONGDIANLIGONGSHUIXIANGMUFANGAN、YUANQUPAIWUKOUSHENQING、YANGZHIWEISHUIPAIFANGQUSHIDIGUIHUADENGGONGZUO,ZHAOKAIQUNZHONGTINGZHENGHUI,HUISHOUXIANZHUANGYANGZHICHITANG,ZHIDINGHAIYANGYINSHUIFANGAN、ZHENGDICHAIQIANFANGAN、YANGZHIHURUYUANFANGAN、ZHAOSHANGYINZIFANGAN、HAISHUISHIYONGSHOUFEIZHENGCE、TUDICHURANGCHUZUZHENGCEDENG。YUANQUYEZHUKEXIEDIAOZHENGFUXIANGGUANBUMENLIANHEZHIDINGXIANGGUANGUIHUAFANGAN,YEKEYIWEITUOQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNLIANHETITONGCHOUBIANZHIZONGHECEHUAFANGAN。

DISIJIEDUAN,TOUZIJUECE。SHOUXIAN,YUANQUYEZHUBIANZHIXIANGMUJIANYISHU,BANLIYUANQULIXIANGSHENPISHOUXU。RANHOU,KAIZHANYANGZHIHUTUITANGHETUDIHUISHOU。TONGSHI,WEITUOQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNLIANHETIKAIZHANYUANQUZONGTIGUIHUA、KONGZHIXINGXIANGXIGUIHUA、TUDICELIANG、BUCHONGDIZHIKANCHA、SHUITUBAOCHI、TUDIZHENGLI、XIANGMUHUANJINGYINGXIANGPINGJIA、SHEHUIWENDINGXINGFENGXIANPINGJIADENGGONGZUO,HAIXUTONGBUKAIZHANHAIYANGYINSHUIGONGCHENG、GONGSHUIGONGCHENG、GONGDIANGONGCHENG、DAOLUGONGCHENG、YANGZHICHANGFANGDENGCHUBUSHEJI、SHIGONGTUSHEJIGONGZUO。CIJIEDUAN,QUANGUOCHENGZIXUNLIANHETIGONGTONGZHIDINGGONGCHENGJIANSHEFANGAN,GEZHUANYEXIANGHUPEIHEBIANZHIGONGCHENGKEXINGXINGYANJIUBAOGAOHETOUZIGAISUAN。YOUYUYANGZHIWEISHUIYANDUGAO,HAISHUIYUSHENGHUOWUSHUICHULIGONGYIBUTONG,XUCAIQUSHENGTAICHULIGONGYI,BIYAOSHI,HAIXUBUCHONGXIANGYINGDEZHUANYELILIANG。ZAIKEYANBAOGAOPIFUHOU,YUANQUYEZHUXUBANLIGUIHUAXUANZHIYIJIANSHU、YONGDIYUSHEN、YONGHAIYUSHEN、YONGDIGUIHUAXUKE、PAIWUXUKE、YONGDIANXUKE、YONGSHUIXUKE、SHOUFEIXUKEDENGSHOUXU,JIANGXIANGMUNARUZHENGFUTOUZIXIANGMUZAIXIANSHENPIJIANGUANPINGTAI、ZHENGFUTOUZIXIANGMUCHUBEISANNIANGUNDONGJIHUA、ZHENGFUNIANDUTOUZIJIHUA。

DIWUJIEDUAN,GONGCHENGJIANSHE。YUANQUYEZHUJIEHEKESHIJIXUYAO,XUANPINGONGCHENGDAIJIAN、GONGCHENGJIANLI、GONGCHENGGUANLI、ZHAOBIAODAILI、GONGCHENGZONGCHENGBAO、XIANGXIDIZHIKANCHA、ZAOJIAZIXUNDENGDANWEIZUCHENGXINDEGONGCHENGJIANSHEQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNLIANHETI,KAIZHANCAILIAOSHEBEICAIGOU、SHIGONGANZHUANG、HETONGGUANLI、FEIYONGJINDUZHILIANGKONGZHI、FENGXIANKONGZHIGUANLI、SHENGCHANZHUNBEI、SHENGCHANANQUANGUANLIDENG。SHIGONGXUKEJIEDUANWANCHENGXIAOFANG、RENFANGDENGSHEJISHENHEQUEREN。JIANSHEGONGCHENGGUIHUAXUKEZHENGHEFAQIANWANCHENGYONGDIPIZHUNSHOUXU。SHIGONGXUKEZHENGHEFAHOUBANLIGONGSHUI、GONGDIAN、RANQI、RELI、PAISHUI、TONGXINDENGSHIZHENGGONGYONGJICHUSHESHIBAOZHUANG,XIANGGUANSHESHIJIANSHEJUNGONGYANSHOUHOUZHIJIEBANLIJIERUSHIYI。

DILIUJIEDUAN,JUNGONGYUNYING。CIJIEDUAN,ZHUYAOWANCHENGGUIHUA、GUOTU、XIAOFANG、RENFANGDENGYANSHOUJIJUNGONGYANSHOUBEIAN、JUNGONGJIESUANYUJUNGONGJUESUANDENGGONGZUO。YUANQUTOURUYUNYINGHOU,ZHENGFUWEITUODISANFANGKAIZHANXIANGMUHOUPINGJIA。YUANQUYEZHUKEANZHAO“TOU、RONG、JIAN、GUAN、YUN”YITIHUASILU,YINJINZHUANYEZHAOSHANGYUNYINGGONGSI、ZICHANGUANLIGONGSIDENG,ZUJIANZICHANJINGYINGGONGSI,CAIQUZICHANZHENGQUANHUA(ABS)HEJICHUSHESHIXINTUOTOUZIJIJIN(REITs)DENGFANGSHIPANHUOCUNLIANGGUDINGZICHAN,HUISHOUZIJINGUNDONGTOUZIXINJIANXIANGMU。

五、结论和建议

BENYANJIURENWEI,HAISHUICHITANGYANGZHIXIANGGONGCHANGHUA、YUANQUHUAFAZHANCHENGWEIBIRANQUSHI,MIANLINGUANGKUOFAZHANQIANJING。HAISHUIYANGZHIYUANQUJIANSHETIAOJIANFUZA,QIANQIZIXUNXUYAODUOGEZHUANYELINGYUPEIHE,DANYIDEZIXUNJIGOUWUFAGAOXIAOLVMANZUYEZHUDANWEI“DINGFANGAN”“DINGXIANGMU”YAOQIU,XUZUJIANQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNLIANHETI,XIETONGTUIJINGONGZUO。QUANGUOCHENGZIXUNDUIYUTISHENGJUECEXIAOLV、JIEYUETOUZI、SUODUANGONGQIDENGJUYOUZHONGYAOTUIJINZUOYONG。WEIZUOHAOQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNGONGZUO,BENYANJIUTICHUYIXIAJIANYI:

YISHIMINGQUEZERENFENGONG。QUANGUOCHENGZIXUNQIANTOURENXUYAOZUZHIZHIDINGZIXUNGONGZUODAGANGJIZIXUNGONGZUOZHIDU,MINGQUEZIXUNGONGZUOLIUCHENGHEZIXUNCHENGGUOWENJIANMOBAN,BIANZHIFEIYONG、JINDU、ZHILIANGKONGZHIWENJIAN,ZUJIANZIXUNXIANGMUZUZHIJIGOU,CAIQUXIANGMUXING、ZHINENGXING、JUZHENXINGDENGZUZHIMOSHI,CONGLIANHETIDANWEICHOUXUANGEZHUANYERENYUAN,ANXIANGMUGONGZUOFENJIEJIEGOU,MINGQUEZIXUNGANGWEIZHIZEJIRENYUANFENGONG。

ERSHIQIANGHUAZERENYUESHU。QIANGHUAZIXUNDANWEISHOUYAOZEREN,QIANGHUAZIXUNRENYUANZHIYEZIGEYAOQIU,RUOHUAZIXUNDANWEIZIZHIYAOQIU,GULIZIXUNRENYUANDUODIANZHIYE。SHIXINGZHONGSHENFUZEZHI,GONGCHENGZIXUN、JIANSHE、KANCHA、SHEJI、SHIGONG、JIANLI、GONGCHENGZONGCHENGBAODENGDANWEIJIGEDANWEIXIANGGUANZERENREN,DUIGONGCHENGXIANGMUQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIFUZE。

SANSHIZHIDINGQUFEIJIZHI。QUANGUOCHENGZIXUNFUWUCHOUJINKEANGEZHUANXIANGFUWUCHOUJINDIEJIAHOUZAIZENGJIAXIANGYINGTONGCHOUGUANLIFEIYONGJIQU,YEKEANZHAORENGONGCHENGBENJIACHOUJINFANGSHIJIQU。XIANGMUYEZHUDANWEIGENJUZIXUNFUWUJIEYUEDETOUZIEDUIZIXUNDANWEIJIYUJIANGLI,KEDANLIEQUANGUOCHENGXIANGMUGUANLIFEIDUIQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNQIANTOUDANWEIJINXINGJIANGLI。

WUSHIKUOCHONGZIXUNTUANDUI。MUQIAN,KAOSHIRENGSHIZIXUNXINGYEHUODEZHIYEZIGEDEWEIYITUJING,“YIKAODINGZHONGSHEN”XIANXIANGPUBIANCUNZAI,ZHENGSHUGONGJIBUZUDAOZHIJIEZHENG、GUAZHENGDENGBULIANGXIANXIANGLVJINBUZHI,ZIXUNYERENCAIXUQIUZENGJIAYUZHIYENENGLIBUZUDEMAODUNRIYITUCHU。JIANYICONGZIXUNRENCAIGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGEHEZIXUNXINGYEKECHIXUGAOZHILIANGFAZHANJIAODUCHUFA,DAPOKAOZHENGBILEI,SHIXINGJIFENZHI,DUIYUXUELI、CHUANGXINCHENGGUO、JINENG、GONGZUOYEJI、ZHIYENIANXIAN、XINGYEGONGXIANDENGFUYIJIAFENQUANZHONG,YICUJINQUANSHEHUIGELEIYOUXIURENCAIXIANGZIXUNXINGYEJIJU,RANGZIXUNXINGYECHENGWEIRENRENXIANMU、RENRENKECANYUDEZHIYE,WEIQUANGUOCHENGZIXUNKECHIXUJIANKANGFAZHANTIGONGBUJIEDONGLI。

注:原文载于《环境保护与循环经济》2020年第40卷第4期,本次发表作了较大改动。

文中图片来源于网络。




 
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